Otto DNA Findings (Summary of a work in progress)

16 Dec 2018:

I’m just so excited I could BURST!! I have been working many hours and days over the past few months hoping to find a clue to our OTTO roots in my DNA matches, and sure enough, patience has paid off. Friday I discovered two matches that link back to James Otto and Sarah Dunn of Wayne County, NY. Then today I found another that goes back to James’ brother John Otto and his wife Judith Newcomb of Naples, Ontario County, NY. This is a good start to confirming we have the right family!

I am attaching the back story — hopefully that will explain where I came up with these names to begin with. When the paper trail fell short, I hoped that we could find some evidence of connection to other Ottos in our DNA matches. Long story short, using Ancestry DNA matches and the “shared matches” button, I was able to find a network of people who share common roots with many of us. Because we all inherit different segments of DNA, it’s hit-and-miss in terms of who you may or may not match. I still cannot verify that the parents of our newly reunited family are actually the Mathias and Elizabeth seen in some online trees… that is a tantalizing clue that needs further work. But I can say with confidence that our Mathias, Joseph and George are part of a larger family, including:

Mathias, b. ca 1767 (Mifflinville PA baptisms, then Angelica NY, then McKean Co PA)

John, b. 1769 (PA then Ontario Co NY)

James, b. 1771 (PA to Ontario Co NY to Michigan)

Margaret, b. 1773 (Ontario Co NY to Wayne Co NY)

Joseph, b. 1778 (Mifflinville marriage, Angelica census, then McKean Co PA)

Susanna, b. 1780 (Arcadia, Wayne Co NY)

George, b. 1783 (McKean Co PA)


By the way, Cousin, I meant to get back to you on my recent efforts to flesh out the various lines of Ottos. I am now convinced our line is not necessarily from the Moravians of Northampton County PA, although that group had some Josephs, Mathiases, etc. I went back to the idea that our bunch may have lived in New York as stated in one of the histories, prior to Joseph’s marriage to Mary Brown in Northumberland (now Columbia County) PA and Matthias baptizing his children there. I found a James and a John Otto living in Ontario County, New York in 1800 so I am working on those lines. Interestingly, one online source shows a Susannah Otto born 1780 in Northampton County to a Matthias Otto and wife Elizabeth. The James and John I just mentioned are shown as sons of Mathias and Elizabeth Russell. Hmmm. So I am trying to find documentation that goes beyond someone’s family lore to nail this down. The tantalizing thing is that if this John (b. 1769), James (b. 1771) and Susannah (b. 1780) were truly siblings, it makes it doubly interesting that Joseph Otto’s brother Mathias named his first three children Susanna (b. 1795), James (b. 1796) and John (b. 1798). Our three Otto brothers COULD be additional siblings in this family…. Don’t write it down just yet until we get proof, but I’m on the hunt. I can’t find any record of what became of Mathias and Elizabeth (Russell) Otto yet.


This whole quest for Otto information was renewed again recently as we have learned more about DNA. Dad took a DNA test through Family Tree DNA back in 2012 but it has only been the past couple of years that we knew enough about it to really start to glean the benefits.

Anyway, I hadn’t really done any work on our Otto ancestors in recent years so this brought it all to the forefront again. About 10 years ago, one of our cousins found a history book claiming that Mathias, Joseph and George Otto were indeed brothers and it detailed their journey from Angelica NY by boat up the river to Farmers Valley PA. At that time, this information led me to find Joseph and family in Angelica in the 1810 census while George and Mathias were already in McKean County PA.

More recently, in 2015, I was back in Washington DC to attend the DAR’s Continental Congress and took a side trip up to Pennsylvania to research the Ottos of Bethlehem and Nazareth, PA. They were Moravians and the records reveal many of the same names we find in our Otto family (like Mathias and Joseph). But I could never find a firm connection, although I enjoyed the hours I spent there in the Moravian Archives.

Now there is a lot more information online and it’s much easier to research than the “old days” when we had to write lots of letters and go to places in person. Another bunch of Ottos from Pennsylvania were those who descended from Bodo Otto of Revolutionary War fame. But I could still not find the connection.

After my recent connection with a new DNA cousin, I again got out my Otto notes and studied what we had. One history claims the Ottos came from New York so I decided to follow that possibility. I found a James Otto and a John Otto in Ontario Co, NY in the 1800 census. Following up with those names, I found them in online trees as being sons of Mathias Otto and Elizabeth Russell. Also found a Susanna Otto birth/baptism record as the daughter of Mathias and Elizabeth in Northampton Co, PA. A daughter of our Joseph Otto has a death certificate that shows Northampton Co PA as her father’s birthplace. A history on Ontario County mentions James Otto came from PA around 1796 and had a brother-in-law Adam Learn. I also found a marriage of Susanna Otto to William Stansell. So my current working theory is that this whole group *may* be siblings, and children of Mathias and Elizabeth Otto:

Mathias, b. ca 1767 (Mifflinville baptisms, then Angelica, then McKean Co PA)

John, b. 1769 (PA then Ontario Co NY)

James, b. 1771 (PA to Ontario Co NY to Michigan)

Margaret, b. 1773 (Ontario Co NY to Wayne Co NY)

Joseph, b. 1778 (Mifflinville marriage, Angelica census, then McKean Co PA)

Susanna, b. 1780 (Arcadia, Wayne Co NY)

George, b. 1783 (McKean Co PA)

Mathias named his first three children Susanna, James and John, which I find interesting.

John named one of his daughters Jemima (name of George’s wife).

Joseph, James and Susanna all named daughters Judith (name of John’s wife).

John named a son Joseph and a daughter Susannah.

John, James and Susanna all named a son George.

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The Continuing Mystery of Caleb Lewis….

by Leslie Lewis, 17 Nov 2019

After years of research, we may finally be getting closer to discovering the parents of Caleb Lewis (1790-1856). Caleb is my elusive 3rd great-grandfather who was born in Rhode Island and then settled in western New York State. I trace my family line back from my father Russ Lewis to his father Ralph Spencer Lewis to his father Stillman Otto Lewis to his father Ralph Lewis to his father Caleb Lewis.


In 2010, I wrote in a blog post about the records and resources we had consulted up to that point, and what we knew so far—although calling it a “nice paper trail” was a bit generous. In many ways, Caleb did not leave behind much of a paper trail at all, beyond the usual public records such as census enumerations. There were no family letters or narratives that spoke of his childhood, his parents or his family prior to his appearance in western New York State.

Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis are buried in Farmersville Center Cemetery in Farmersville, Cattaraugus County, New York. Their tombstone indicates that Caleb died on May 9, 1856, age 66 years, 4 months and 3 days, suggesting a birthdate of January 6, 1790.

Caleb’s first appearance in the federal census is in Stafford, Genesee County, New York in 1820, showing him as head of household with tallies for his wife and first two children. We do not yet know when and where Caleb and Joanna first met, but they married on March 5, 1817, most likely in Genesee County, New York.

We know that Caleb purchased land in Cattaraugus County, New York, from the Holland Land Company in 1822 and that’s when the family settled in the Town of Farmersville. They lived out their lives there, farming and raising a family. Caleb appeared in Farmersville consistently in state and federal census records, in which his reported birthplace was Rhode Island.

Caleb’s last will and testament is on file at Cattaraugus County courthouse, with a list of heirs but no information on relatives beyond his wife and children.

An early resource for us was the Compendium of History, Reminiscence and Biography of Western Nebraska, which contained a brief biography of Caleb and Joanna’s son Ralph Lewis and a sketch of his “Clover Leaf Farm” in Keya Paha County, Nebraska, where he and his family had settled. His biography claimed that his father Caleb was “born in Rhode Island, and his family were all killed at the Wyoming massacre except his father and grandmother.” Extensive research into the Wyoming Valley massacre of 1778 has not yet led to information on the parents of Caleb Lewis.

One of our biggest “breaks” in researching this family was obtaining Bible record transcripts. It has been a custom for hundreds of years for a family to keep track of births, deaths and marriages by writing them into their Bibles in the blank pages provided for this use. When I first met cousin Kim Lewis-Novak in the year 2000, she gave me a copy of the Lewis family Bible record she had obtained from the Cattaraugus County Historian. Then a few years later I found another transcript of the family names and dates on file with the Daughters of the American Revolution as part of a member application. The 1958 transcript stated that the Bible was in possession of Mrs. Leon R. Adams and was from the original handwriting. Mrs. Leon R. Adams was Glendora (Swift) Adams, a great-granddaughter of Caleb and Joanna through their daughter Eliza Ann (Lewis) Badger. That Bible record gave us the birth, death and marriage dates of Caleb and Joanna Lewis, and the birthdates of their eleven children.

From the very beginning of our research into the family tree we have fleshed out all of the children in Caleb and Joanna’s family by following up on them through census records and whatever else we could find. This process is becoming easier and easier now that sites like Find-a-Grave let us see headstone inscriptions and allows us to easily share family trees, documents and photographs.


Enter DNA. My dad, Russ Lewis, took a DNA test in 2012, both for his autosomal DNA (covers all ancestral lines) and for his Y-DNA. You may know from high school biology class that men determine the gender of their offspring because they pass along either an X or a Y chromosome at conception. When it’s an X-chromosome, the child will be female. When it’s a Y-chromosome, the child will be male. Females do not carry the Y-chromosome so only men can take a Y-DNA test. The interesting feature of Y-DNA is that it passes basically unchanged from father to son for many generations, although random changes or mutations can happen at any generation along the way. Two men who share Y-DNA share a common male ancestor who may be as near as their father or grandfather, or as distant as a great-grandfather three or four hundred years prior. Just how closely any two men are related is calculated by the number of marker differences between them. For the sake of the reader, I won’t go into more detail about the science of DNA other than to say it is a wonderful new tool for genealogists!

Dad’s Y-DNA test revealed that his closest matches are men who descend from John Lewis of Westerly, Rhode Island. John Lewis was born about 1630 and died around 1690. He settled in what later became Westerly and raised his family there. He and his wife had seven sons and a daughter. Only two of these seven sons are represented among Dad’s Y-DNA matches, and his two closest current-day relatives descend from the son Samuel Lewis (1671-1739).

Their line of descent goes like this:

John Lewis (1630-1690) + wife (name unknown)

Samuel Lewis (1671-1739) + Joanna Crandall

Jonathan Lewis (1690-1785) + Jane Lewis

Jonathan Lewis II (1719-1759) + Sarah Barber

Jonathan Lewis III (1752-1814) + Martha Bowdish

Jonathan III and Martha are the common ancestors shared by both of the men who match Dad most closely on his Y-DNA results. Knowing this allows us to focus our search on this line of the Lewis family. However, Jonathan and Martha’s family is well-documented in the Rhode Island vital records, and there is no son named Caleb. The son born in 1790 was named Jesse. So we must look back to the previous generation.

In Jonathan II and Sarah’s family, there were five sons who were married and having children in the years around our target date of 1790. Although the Rhode Island records do not reveal a son Caleb born in 1790, in two of the families there is enough room between the births of the previous child to one that might have come after a 1790 birth. But none is shown. Are the records complete for each family? Could there be one or more children missing from the records?

If you go back another generation, Jonathan I and Jane had five sons that we know of, and one of them was named Caleb (1721-1783). The five Lewis sons in Jonathan and Jane’s family were beyond raising families by 1790, but they could have had grandsons named Caleb. More work to do.

It’s promising. One of the things that keeps me hopeful is the tradition of naming patterns. Out of the many descendants of John Lewis of Westerly, Samuel’s line contains the most descendants named Caleb. People in those days named their children after other people in their immediate family.

Rhode Island vital records are extensive, but not necessarily definitive. So far we have yet to find paper records confirming a Lewis family with a son named Caleb born in 1790. Of course, Rhode Island is located next to Connecticut, and some lines of the family settled across the border. So far no Caleb Lewis born in 1790 appears in the Connecticut records. But the absence of such a record does not mean the birth did not happen.

What if the tombstone date or age is incorrect? Are we putting all our eggs into the 1790 basket?


Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis had a son, Caleb Lewis, Jr., who married Elizabeth Ann Babcock in 1847, according to records of the Seventh-Day Baptist Church. The Babcock family had been long involved in this particular sect. As it turns out, so were the Lewises and many other families who intermarried in Rhode Island and then migrated westward, often together with extended family members, to parts of New York and beyond.

Surnames common to the Seventh Day Baptists included Lewis, Maxson, Burdick, Barber, Stillman, Ennis (or Enos), Mosher, Crandall, Clarke, Hubbard, Coon, Babcock, Lanphere, Kenyon and others. These families settled in Rhode Island because of the freedom to practice their religion in a colony that tolerated religious differences. The Seventh Day Baptists were an endogamous community (endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste, or ethnic group). As a result, many descendants today share ancestors with more than one of these surnames. As it turns out, many of my Dad’s autosomal DNA matches have multiple SDB surnames in their roots. Since they are so intertwined, it is difficult to find a common ancestral couple. More work to do here to sort it all out.


Seventh Day Baptists (SDBs) are a Baptist denomination which observes the Sabbath on the seventh-day of the week—Saturday—in accordance with the Biblical Sabbath of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:8, Deuteronomy 5:12). The movement originated in mid-17th century England and spread within a few years to the British colonies in North America.

Stephen Mumford, a SDB from England, arrived in Rhode Island in 1665 and is mentioned as an advocate for seventh-day Sabbath in many records of the time. The first SDB church in America was at Newport, Rhode Island, established December 1671. In that month, two members of the First Baptist Church of Newport, pastored by John Clarke—namely, Samuel and Tacy Hubbard—withdrew from that church and joined with Mumford. Along with four others, they covenanted to meet together for worship, calling themselves Sabbatarian Baptists.

To be continued….

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My Search for Ella’s Conyer Ancestors

When I first became part of Pete’s family, I brought my interest in genealogy with me. I wanted to trace his family tree as well as my own. Harlan and Ella shared with me some clippings and documents and photos of their families to get me started. Harlan was particularly interested in finding out more about his mother’s Estes family, and Ella wanted to find out more about her father’s Conyer(s) family.

One of the first important clues for the Conyers search was what Ella showed me in her family Bible. This chart took her line back to her grandfather, Henry C. Conyer and although his wife’s name was missing, it did list the name of Henry’s brother, Irving, which would turn out to be important later.

My first task was to find Ella’s father Thomas Wesley Conyer in a census record as a child living in the home of his parents. Since Harlan and Ella both grew up in Florida, it was no surprise to find the Conyers family living in Manatee County in 1900. Henry’s birthdate and place were reported incorrectly in this record, and for some reason his wife’s name was left blank. Census records can be full of mistakes, but when you find who you are looking for, they do confirm that a family was in a certain place at a certain time.

The important thing was finding Thomas enumerated with his father H. C. Conyer and siblings Walter and Bessie. Having the Bible information was critical for proving this link.

Later, other records revealed the name of Henry’s wife, Jincy Anne Wood, whose three marriages produced the siblings and half-siblings listed in Ella’s Bible. Jincy first married William Harrison Hosford and had a daughter Laura. Her second husband was Joe Parrish, with whom she had Verda, Frank and Mary Jo Parrish. Her final marriage was to Henry C. Conyer, father of Walter, Thomas, Jessie and Bessie.

The next step was to find Henry as a child with his own parents in a census record, so that we could discover their names. In the 1860 census for Clarendon District, South Carolina, I found the Conyers family: Jno (John) and Ann, both 32, Sarah 8, Lucy 4, Henry 2, and Ervin 5 months old. This variation of Irving or Irvin was confirmation that I had the right family. All the family members were reported as born in South Carolina.

I also found John and Ann listed in Darlington County, South Carolina, ten years earlier in the 1850 census, newly married with no children. Their names were shown as John C. Conyers and Anna J. Conyers. In later census years, however, I could not find John and Anna Conyers. Some of the four children were enumerated in other households, which led me to believe that perhaps the parents had died sometime after the 1860 census. That’s when it hit me that perhaps the Conyers family had been caught up in the turbulence of the Civil War, and I sought out military records for John Conyers.

Lucky for us, many military records are now available online. It didn’t take long to locate John Conyers. He had enrolled at age 36 as a private in the Confederate army on June 24, 1861. The unit he joined at Ridgeville in Sumter County, South Carolina was Captain Alexander Colclough’s Company of the 2nd Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers. This unit subsequently became Company D of the 9th Regiment of SC Volunteers.

Sadly, John did not survive the war. He died at Culpeper Hospital in Virginia of typhoid and pneumonia in November of 1861.

John’s name appears on a monument of Confederate soldiers buried at Fairview Cemetery in Culpeper County, Virginia.

What had become of John’s widow, Anna? I wondered if she also had died during this time or whether she remarried and took a different name. Sometimes it’s hard to trace the women.

Meanwhile, Ella’s grandfather Henry C. Conyers, as a young man and without his parents, was enumerated in both 1870 and 1880 in the home of Harvey and Mary Locklear in Tabor, Crawford County, Georgia. In the 1870 record, one of his sisters was living there, too. In the 1880 census, Henry was listed as “nephew.” Was he the nephew of Harvey Locklear or of Harvey’s wife, Mary?

The name Locklear comes in many variations: Locklayer, Locklier, Locklair, Locklear. I started snooping around for that family. When Pete and I visited the archives in Manning, South Carolina on our 2013 road trip, we found lots of Conyers and Locklear records, but nothing that could definitely tie us to John and Ann.

My search stagnated at that point until the summer of 2017. I was taking a look through some of Pete’s genetic matches on the Family Tree DNA website and came across a fellow named Ken Player who had both Conyers and Locklears in his family tree. This perked my interest. I contacted him and while I waited for his response, I did some more digging.

I decided to look for military records out of South Carolina. I struck gold when I found a pension file for a War of 1812 veteran named Strann Conyers. He had married several times, and at an advanced age he married his fourth wife—a young girl of 16 named Mary Locklear.

Turns out they had a child together, which died at age 5. Shortly after that, young Mary left her husband and went with her sister to visit relatives in Manatee County, Florida. The affidavits in the file tell the tale of woe. While in Florida, Mary married another man and started a family with him there. When the old veteran Strann Conyers died, Mary left husband number two in Florida and returned to South Carolina to claim the widow’s pension under Conyers’ service. Fraud charges and a legal battle ensued, which provided records detailing all the family relationships and what took place—for 184 pages. Quite a story.

While I do not yet know how Strann Conyers is related to Ella’s line, after studying the records in the pension file, I was able to reconstruct the family of Mary Locklear. She was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah Locklear, whose children included Stephen, Anna, Harvey, Nelson, Irvin, Eliza, Andrew, Mary, Julia, Martha, Louisa and Elizabeth.

Mary’s sister Julia Locklear is the ancestor of Pete’s DNA match, Ken Player. Eliza was the sister who went along with Mary to Florida. Nelson Locklear was the brother they visited in Manatee County. Irvin Locklear was the brother for whom John and Anna Conyers likely named their younger son, and with whom Irvin Conyer was living at one point. Harvey was of course the person with whom Henry C. Conyers lived in 1870 and 1880. Harvey’s Civil War record indicates he was born in Sumter County, South Carolina. In the 1885 Florida State Census, Henry Conyer was living in Manatee County, Florida as were Harvey and Mary Locklear. Everything seems to indicate that John Conyers’ wife was Anna Locklear.

Here is the Thomas Locklear (Locklier) family enumerated in the 1850 census for the Sumter District of South Carolina, just a couple of months before Anna was enumerated as a newlywed with John Conyers.

I’m pretty excited about this discovery of Anna’s birth family, but that still doesn’t tell us where she ended up. So far I have found no cemetery record or subsequent marriage record for her. Someday a new clue will emerge. Perhaps by tracing each of Anna’s siblings we will find a tidbit that will crack the case. The fact that Anna was not involved in her sister’s court case over the pension fraud leads me to believe that she was indeed deceased by that time.

Many of the Conyers and Locklears of early South Carolina served in the Revolutionary War. There is also some evidence that the Locklears intermarried with the indigenous tribes in that area of South Carolina. Some branches of Locklears are listed as Free Persons of Color or in some cases as mixed race (mulatto) in the early census records. Perhaps Ella and her offspring have Indian heritage. So many more things to research!

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Setting the record straight – Daniel Wade’s three wives and the DAR records

I was so thrilled and excited to find out yesterday that the supplemental application I prepared for the DAR last year was vetted and approved by their genealogists! To correct the mistake of previous applicants, I had to gather proof documents and lay out my case. Supplementals generally take about ten months to go through the process, so it was great to finally find out yesterday that my argument passed muster! See my original cover letter below:

October 14, 2015

Office of the Registrar General, NSDAR
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
1776 D Street NW
Washington, DC 20006-5303


Enclosed please find my supplemental application under the services of Daniel Wade, #A119673. Although I used the Build-an-App process to begin with, I need to highlight some new information that has come to light in recent years regarding the wives of Daniel Wade.

Prior applications were made using as a resource the Stuart C. Wade book, “The Wade Genealogy,” published in 1900. Unfortunately, as sometimes happens with family genealogy books, errors were made. In regards to Daniel Wade, page 245, only two of his three wives were shown: Elizabeth, who died 4 Dec 1758, and Temperance (no dates given). Temperance was actually his third wife. Wade’s second wife was Magdalena Whitehead. Nowhere does Stuart C. Wade mention the middle wife, Magdalena. As a result, most Wade researchers do not know of her and have posted Temperance as the mother of several of the Wade children, or have carelessly merged Magdalena and Temperance into one person, naming her Magdalena Temperance Whitehead Wade, which is incorrect.

Timothy Whitehead’s 1779 will (Essex Co, NJ) names his daughter Magdalena Wade and his son-in-law Daniel Wade. Daniel Wade’s 1793 will (Essex Co, NJ) gives the name of his wife Temperance.

In 2011, a Whitehead researcher named Travis Whitehead contacted me to inform me that Daniel Wade did indeed marry three times. Travis sent me the image of a page of David Whitehead’s diary listing the five children of Timothy Whitehead, along with their birth and death dates, including my Magdalena (Whitehead) Wade, who died in 1783.

Here is the timeline:

Daniel Wade first married Elizabeth (last name unknown), and they had children. She died in 1758. The Wade children born before 1758 belong to Elizabeth.

Daniel then married his second wife, Magdalena Whitehead, and they had children. Magdalena is mentioned in her father’s 1779 will. She died in 1783 according to her nephew’s diary. The Wade children born between Elizabeth’s death in 1758 and Magdalena’s death in 1783 belong to Magdalena. Daniel and Magdalena’s son Jacob Wade is my ancestor.

Daniel then married his third wife, Temperance (last name unknown), and names her in his will, dated 1793, the year he died. Most likely they did NOT have children together, as Temperance was at least 50 years old when they married sometime after 1783. Her age was figured from burial information: Temperance Wade was buried in the First Presbyterian Church Yard at Newark, Essex Co, NJ. The Genealogical Society of New Jersey file of cemetery records at Alexander Library (Rutgers) show her cemetery record as follows:

Temperance Wade, “the widow” died 5 Feb 1818, aged 86 years and 13 days.
Buried at First Presbyterian Church Yard, Essex NJ, sect. A, lot 58.

The cemetery at the First Presbyterian Church Yard in Newark is now paved over and the headstones no longer exist.

Thank you for allowing me to explain this new information which disagrees with prior applications in the GRS. Of course I am also including the proof documents referenced above.


Leslie Lewis


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Will the REAL Joseph Crouch please stand up?

This dispatch comes about due to a new Crouch cousin contacting me recently after seeing my info and photos on Find a Grave. She has been working on her branch of the Crouch family for several years and has gone into DNA testing in a big way, just like me and my family. She is hoping we can work together to trace these elusive Crouches back to find our common ancestors and beyond.

Since she wrote me a week ago I have been burning up the internet trying to push our line back before Joseph Crouch and Margaret McCall. I thought I had hit the jackpot the other day when I found Joseph’s pension file for service in the War of 1812 on It contained 211 pages of wonderful information. I was so excited, I updated my Family Tree Maker (still using it, thanks to MacKiev’s 2014.1 version)!

But it turns out I was a little hasty.

Let me explain….
In the 1990s when I was corresponding with Glenn Crouch and Charles Lilly (both now deceased), I was told that our Joseph Crouch had married three times:

1) Margaret McCall (by whom he had his children) in 1804, Ross Co OH
2) Jerusha DeHart in 1829, Tippecanoe Co, IN
3) Margaret Latimer in 1855, Tippecanoe Co, IN

I’m sure many of you have this same information.

So all these years, I have assumed this information was correct. NOW, after spending several hours downloading and studying all the pages of this fascinating (and heartbreaking) pension file, I began to be suspicious that something was amiss.

First, the ages of pensioner Joseph Crouch as stated in the affidavits consistently pointed to a birth around 1798 or 1799. OUR Joseph Crouch, on the other hand, married Margaret McCall in 1804, indicating a birth year around 1780 to 1783 or so. Yet even the census records in 1850 and 1870 pointed to a birth around 1799 for pensioner Joseph Crouch.

Then, the pension file made many references to his “first wife” Jerusha DeHart and to the widow Margaret Latimer (Lattimore) applying for a pension after Joseph’s death, but never to Margaret McCall nor any of his (supposed) six or seven children.

Finally, I re-read Levi Crouch’s manuscript (oldest son of Montgomery McCall Crouch) and he said that he had never met his grandfather Joe Crouch, who had remained in Ohio all his life. Meanwhile, the pensioner Joseph Crouch recorded in the Fold3 pension file had moved back and forth between Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, and finally to Montgomery County, Indiana, where he died in 1878.

Obviously, we are looking at two different Joseph Crouches. To think that Pete and I travelled through Montgomery County, Indiana a few years ago and spent hours at the library and visiting cemeteries there to find out more about our Joseph, when this was the WRONG GUY!

I immediately notified our Crouch Family page on Facebook, and changed my Family Tree Maker AND my online tree at I had to separate out the facts about these two men named Joseph Crouch, and reattach the records to the appropriate individual.

I then snooped around a bit and saw a tree online that shows our Joseph as the UNCLE of the pensioner Joseph. This tree claims our Joseph’s second wife was named Eliza and they were living in Highland County, Ohio, the same county where our Joseph’s son, Montgomery McCall Crouch was born. Now to flesh out THAT family and search for confirmation that he is OUR Joseph.

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Harvey M. Dixon update

I wanted to check in with you again because it has been four months since I posted the Dixon/Lewis connection.

Here’s an update:

I wrote to three living descendants of Jacob/Harvey through his son George. Coincidentally, they all live in Washington State, like me. I have received a reply from one of them, and I am planning to send her more info soon.

More recently I have corresponded with the wife of a descendant of Harvey’s daughter Malinda Francis (Dixon) Fitzgerald. I found her through an ancestry tree showing her husband’s line going back to Harvey M. Dixon. She seemed surprised about it, but I think she’s convinced, as she has changed her tree to reflect the Lewis connection.

Another major breakthrough… I had earlier noticed that some trees online show a marriage of a Jacob Lewis to Susanna Austin in Pittsford, Monroe, New York in 1838. Supposedly they had two children, Allen and Martha Lewis. In searching for more information, I found that Susanna may have lived until 1903 (no record to back this up yet). Her parents, William and Rebecca (Doud) Austin, are buried in the Farmersville Center Cemetery, Cattaraugus County, New York!! YES, THE SAME CEMETERY where Jacob’s parents, CALEB AND JOANNA (Wade) LEWIS are buried! The Austin family were early settlers of Cattaraugus County, just like the Lewises.

Could our Jacob W. Lewis have abandoned his first family in New York, a wife Susanna and children Allen and Martha? Is that why he disappeared and ended up in Missouri/Iowa? Were Jacob and Susanna legally divorced, or did he just run out on her? And what became of Susanna?

I could not find any census records showing Susanna with her children in 1850 or beyond to verify the family unit. But something interesting surfaced. Another tree online showed a marriage of a Martha Dixon to a man named Elvin M. Dent, which may have taken place in Iowa. A little more digging…. drum roll….

I found Elvin and Martha Dent were living next door to Harvey M. Dixon and family in the 1860 census!! So his daughter by his first marriage ended up near her father in Hickory County, Missouri.

Boy, that 1860 census sure holds a lot of good information! Not only does it show Harvey M. Dixon and family with his brother Guy C. Lewis in the household, but right next door is Elvin and Martha Dent. Martha was age 18 in this census. Although there were no children shown in her household (only a brother of Elvin’s), again, online trees suggest a child, William Dent, was born about 1864. And they say Martha died about 1865.

Civil War records show that Elvin served in Company C, 40th Iowa Infantry. In fact, in June of 1863 he is shown as residing in Union Twp., Mahaska County, Iowa, age 30, born in Tennessee, married and a carpenter by trade. So Martha and Elvin obviously moved (back?) to Iowa along with her father and his family. Harvey M. Dixon enlisted in Company D, 33rd Iowa Infantry.

Now, in googling around, I have landed on some posts left over ten years ago that tell family stories* that when Elvin came back from the war, he found his wife Martha had taken off and left their baby Willie with his mother-in-law (Harvey’s widow Catherine Starnes Dixon). He took the baby with him and moved to Illinois to live with his half-brother James. Elvin was remarried in Arkansas in 1867 to Tabitha Morgan, a widow with four children of her own. William Dent was living with his father Elvin and family in the 1870 census, Barry County, Missouri, but disappears after that.

*These stories are supported by affidavits in Tabitha Dent’s widow’s pension application, which I so far have been unable to find. Have only heard of them second-hand so far.

What happened to William Dent? Did he reach adulthood? Marry? Have children?

And more unanswered questions… did Martha Lewis (AKA Dixon) Dent die or desert her family?

What ever happened to Susanna (Austin) Lewis and her son Allen Lewis?

The search continues!!! This is one interesting family!

I would LOVE to hear from anyone associated with the Dixons, Starnes or Dents.

Posted in Austin, Dent, Dixon, Fitzgerald, Lewis, Wade | Comments Off on Harvey M. Dixon update

Jacob W. Lewis, AKA Harvey M. Dixon???

I wanted to let you know some interesting news regarding Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis’ eldest son, Jacob W. Lewis. The tie-in looks pretty sure, although I am still looking for some sort of confirmation to really nail it down.

After all these years of searching for Jacob W. Lewis, these were our only clues:

“Genealogical and Family History of Western New York,” Vol. II by W. R. Cutter, 1912, page 832, regarding the Caleb Lewis family of Farmersville, Cattaraugus County, NY. The list of children includes Jacob, who “moved to Dickson, Missouri; was killed in the civil war; left a family.”

Lewis Family Bible Records from the Cattaraugus County Historian:
List of children of Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis includes Jacob W. Lewis, with a birthdate of August 11, 1818.

The 1820 Census record finds the family living in Genesee County, NY. Shortly after that, Caleb purchased land in Cattaraugus County and settled there with his family. One can safely assume Jacob W. Lewis was born in Genesee County, New York.

Caleb’s probate papers, dated March, April and May of 1865 (he died 1856 and his widow in 1862, but the legal documents were filed in 1865 by their son Ralph Lewis):
List of heirs include “Jacob Lewis, residing at Union Mills, Iowa.”

In the 40 years since my interest in genealogy began, I have never been able to find Jacob in any other records, including military, census, cemetery records or anything. This was frustrating, as I like to flesh out all siblings in a family so that I can get a complete picture of relationships and migrations.

Then this past Sunday, out of the blue, I received an email from a researcher who had seen my Find-A-Grave posting for Caleb Lewis listing his kids and their birthdates. She noticed Jacob’s birthdate of August 11, 1818 in Genesee County, New York, and that he had moved to Iowa, but nothing further was known. This information matched one of her family members, Harvey M. Dixon. He was on record (WPA grave records out of Iowa) as having been born August 11, 1818 in Genesee County, New York. Harvey served in Co D, 33rd Iowa Infantry during the Civil War and died of disease before war’s end. What clued her into the Lewis family on her search for Dixons was the appearance of Guy C. Lewis in Harvey’s household in 1860. She looked up Guy C. Lewis on Find-A-Grave, which led her to Caleb and the mention of Jacob W. Lewis, older brother of Guy.

Harvey M. Dixon married Catharine C. Starnes in Hickory County, Missouri in 1847. The couple moved to Mahaska County, Iowa by 1850, but were back in Hickory County, Missouri in the 1860 census.

You could think it was a remarkable coincidence, two men with different names having the same birthdate, birthplace, and having moved from New York to Iowa only to die during the Civil War. But the clincher is the appearance of Guy Carlton Lewis in the Dixon household in 1860, another of the Lewis brothers out of New York. Guy was staying with his older brother! He obviously knew his brother was at that time going by the name “Harvey M. Dixon” and the Dixon (Dickson) name even filtered back to the Lewis family in the form of a confused reference in the Western NY book. Yet in Caleb’s probate papers, Jacob is not shown AKA Harvey Dixon, so apparently not everyone in the Lewis family was informed… at least our branch knew nothing about it as far as I know. But then, my great-great-grandfather Ralph Lewis was the tenth of eleven Lewis siblings. His eldest brother Jacob would likely have been out of the  household by the time Ralph came along in 1842.

I have looked up Catharine’s widow’s pension application on Fold3 which verifies her marriage to Harvey M. Dixon, her maiden name, his birthplace, his date of his death and the three surviving heirs of Harvey Dixon, namely George W. Dixon, Malinda Francis Dixon and Thomas Jefferson Dixon. Their birthdates are shown as well.

The information all seems to match our Jacob W. Lewis, but I am hoping to find just one more document that might prove the link, perhaps a legal document that might mention a name change. Why did Jacob/Harvey appear in Missouri in the 1840s? Did he want to start a new life with a clean slate? Did he do something illegal? Was he escaping from a dysfunctional family? Why would he go to Missouri in the first place? How is it they ended up in Mahaska County, Iowa?

Many times we assume our ancestors moved to find greener pastures. But they don’t usually change their names. By doing this, Jacob/Harvey wiped out his past history and made it difficult for Lewis researchers to locate him, and for Dixon researchers to find his parents, who weren’t named Dixon at all!

So many mysteries! But these are very intriguing new clues to the oldest of the Lewis brothers. Now I’m hoping to find a male Dixon descendant who might be willing to take a DNA test to confirm this. Since my father is a direct male descendant of Caleb Lewis, a Y-DNA match to a Dixon descendant would give us the proof we seek.

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The Saga of Samuel and Mary Eastlick


 A widely-circulated genealogy claims that Alexander Eastlick (1741-1821) of Steuben County, New York, was the son of James Eastlick, a wagon maker in England. There is no known documentation to confirm this, yet it may be a clue for further research. There is one James Eastlick listed in the IGI (International Genealogical Index) for England as baptized in Middlesex in 1719, son of Samuel and Mary Eastlick.

We have no record of when or if the James Eastlick of Middlesex ever came to America. As for Samuel and Mary, Peter Wilson Coldham reports in his book, “English Convicts in Colonial America” that one Samuel Eastlick was transported to the American Colonies in July 1723 on the ship Alexander. Ed Easlick has located the landing certificate verifying that Samuel survived the journey (eleven individuals did not) and made it to Annapolis, MD on 14 September 1723. Mary Eastlick, also a convict, was transported on the ship Anne in February 1724 to Carolina. Another source, “Petitioners Against Imprisonment for Debt listed in the London Gazette 1712-1724,” reveals that Samuel Eastlack, late of St Olave, Southwark, was a tailor. Are these transports, Samuel and Mary Eastlick, the parents of James “the wagon maker”? Is James the father of Alexander?  Of what crimes were Samuel and Mary convicted?

The Transportation Act of 1718, during the reign of George I, was an act for “further preventing robbery, burglary, and other felonies, and for the most effectual transportation of felons.” Crime in England had been mounting, especially in London, Middlesex, and Surrey areas. “No longer would transportation be confined solely to the pardoning process and acts of executive clemency, as it had been,” but now would include “petty larcenists and offenders…non capital felonies…banished directly to America for seven years” and “for stolen good for fourteen.”  “Its most compelling advantage, in the eyes of the policy makers, lay in expelling from British shores significant quantities of threatening offenders whose ways would not be mended by more mild penalties” of no punishment or providing labor for the colonies.

Transportation to the Americas was ended on the outbreak of the rebellion in 1776.  Transportation provided a useful compromise for the authorities ensuring that individuals could be punished without actually killing them.”

Questions abound.  Were transports Samuel and Mary the same people as the married couple mentioned in the baptism records? If so, how would they find each other after arriving in the Colonies? If they were indentured for 7 or 14 years, did they fulfill their obligations? Did they ever meet up again? Is there any record of them over here? If they WERE the parents of James, what became of him? Did he stay in England and come to America later?  Did he come with Mary? Were there other children? There are too many loose ends to prove any lineage at this point.

When my parents, Russ and Fran Lewis, were in England in 1998, they searched for documents that might fill in the details on the crimes and convictions of Samuel and Mary, whether or not these individuals prove to be our ancestors. At the Greater London Record Office, they examined the Middlesex Sessions Record Calendar of Indictments, consisting of the old, original documents, rolled-up records of one day’s court session. The outside cover of each roll was a long piece of leather-like material, with a numbered index of each hearing listed on the back. The number referred to the individual notes rolled inside. Samuel’s case was listed as #42 on the index, but matched #39 of the minutes. The documents were written in a mix of Latin and old English phrases which made them difficult to read. Thanks to the assistance of the staff in translating, Mom and Dad were able to take notes on the contents of the documents, as follows:

Indictment February 1722/23* Session Minutes

42. (list inside cover of roll)  Samuel Eastlick com’d by Samuel Newton Esq. for stealing a brass pestle and mortar from Samuel Eastlick, his father, DOT 18th.

39.  (Latin phrases)…King George, etc….Samuel Eastlick….parish St Mary Marylebone, Whitechapel, in county of Middlesex, 4 February (Latin phrases)…List of items stolen included one hat, one pestle and mortar, one pair of worsted stockings, six napkins valor trim, 2 or 3 more items.  (Latin phrases to the end)

Samuel Eslick Jr. for goods of the value of 17 schilling of Samuel Eslick Sr.; put himself on the county and found guilty to value of 39 schilling, has no property, seeks benefit of the statute; it allocated (granted) and is transported.

Note on top:  He was transported (from individual page for this session)

And as for Mary:

Indictment January 1723

35.  Maria Estlick theft of goods the value of 4 pounds 16 schillings and no pence of Joseph Williams.  Seeks trial not guilty; and they did not change.

35.  Maria Eslick late of St Sepulcher, county of Middlesex, servant, 11 Dec…from Joseph Williams, 1 silver watch – 40 schillings, 1 porringer – 20 schillings, 5 silver spoons – 16 schillings; feloniously stole them and covered them away; pleaded guilty…found guilty, transported.

Witnesses:  Joseph Williams, Abigail Partridge

Note:  seeks benefit of statute, allocated and she is transported.


Contributed by Fran Lewis

It is difficult to describe the feelings Russ and I had, holding the court documents from the 1700s and seeing the names of Samuel and Mary on them. I had accepted the family lore that they were husband and wife and been transported at different times. But as I read the documents, I began to ask why we thought that they were married. There was evidence of a Samuel and Mary Eastlick with a son, James, baptized in 1719 in a parish in Middlesex, which was about the same time period. But due to the fact that Samuel stole from his father, which might mean he was still living at home (or not), and that Maria (Mary) was a servant, they could have been merely two people who shared the last name (cousins or whatever).

From Coldham’s records we know that the transported Samuel was a tailor and now we know that his own father charged him with a felony so that he was transported. Felons received 14 years (Mary was also a felon) and it stunned us to think that his own father had brought charges.  We could speculate that this was a way to get him to the Colonies where he might have a better chance than in England. There are all kinds of scenarios.

We checked the IGI records and found many Samuel and Mary couples. Some of them continued to baptize children after the transportation dates and so could be eliminated. There is not a couple that had additional children baptized after James that we could find in that same parish.

Again, we know the ships each were transported on, and Samuel is listed in a landing document in the Colonies.  There is no record of Mary’s arrival that we are aware of. If they were husband and wife, how did they maintain contact with each other, or did they? And if they were in fact the parents of James, where did he go? We could not find an answer to our question about children of transported people. Did they remain behind? Did they get transported? It is difficult to imagine that a woman would be as valuable in the Colonies with a child.

But of course, the real mysteries remain as none of this ties me to either of these two people.  Until we can document who Alexander’s father is, we do not know our connection back to England. Nor can we trace the Samuel, Jr. and Samuel, Sr. to Bodmin. Another trip to England!

English Convicts in Colonial America, Vol. I, Middlesex:  1617-1775, Compiled and edited by Peter Wilson Coldham

Eastlick, Samuel, sentenced in May, transported July 1723 on ship Alexander to Maryland

Eastlick, Mary, sentenced in January, transported February 1724, ship Anne to Carolina

Appendix II, List of Ships Carrying London, Middlesex and Home Counties Convicts to America 1716-1775

Date           Ship            Captain            Number        To          Remarks
July 1723     Alexander      John King     105     Maryland**   11 died on voyage

Feb 1724       Anne         Thomas Wrangham  67        Carolina

**landing certificate issued at port of arrival


Other references:

Bound for America, by A. Roger Ekirch, 1987.

The Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies 1718-1775, by David Stanford, University Printing House, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP.  Published in the US by Oxford University Press, New York.

Lists of Emigrants in Bondage, by Kaminkow & Kaminkow.

Bound With an Iron Chain:  The Untold Story of How the British Transported 50,000 Convicts to Colonial America by Anthony Vaver.  Note from Fran: “This book provides an excellent view of the many possibilities of what might have happened to Samuel, Jr. when he landed at Annapolis.  He might have bought his freedom at landing if his father had indeed been instrumental in his transportation; he might have been purchased at the dock because of his trade (the reason we have not found a record of his sale); he might have ended up in Maryland and/or North Carolina either at a tobacco plantation or in mining; he may have served only 7 years of his 14 since that was what often happened.  Without documentation of his purchasing land at some point, it is very difficult to trace him in the Colonies, and at this time we have not found any such documentation.  The fact that he had a documented trade (tailor) leads me to believe he had opportunities in the new land especially valuable to a plantation owner.”

*Note from Leslie:  A discussion of the calendar might be appropriate here to avoid confusion with dates during this time period.  The Julian calendar was used throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, but it had inaccuracies causing the calendar dates to gradually get ahead of actual (sun) time.  To solve these problems, the Gregorian calendar was adopted in 1582.  England, however, resisted the change, and only gradually transitioned into using the new calendar.  In the Colonies, as in England, the first day of each new year had been celebrated on March 25, until an act of Parliament in 1752 finally brought about the important change unifying England’s calendar with the rest of the Western world.  After 1752, the change-over from one year to the next would occur on January 1.  Referring to an event which occurred in January, February, or March prior to 1752, we often see it recorded with double dates, such as 1722/23.  This means that according to the old style calendar (pre-1752) the year of the event was 1722, but according to the new style calendar, the year would be referred to as 1723.

This affects both Samuel and Mary’s years of indictment.   Samuel was indicted in February of 1722 (Old Style) when the year 1723 would not have begun until March 25.  However, since we now consider February the 2nd month of the year and not the 11th, we would refer to that date as 1723 (New Style).  The dates of his sentencing (May), transport (July) and arrival in the Colonies (September) do not fall between January 1 and March 24, so no double-dating is necessary.

Mary was indicted in January 1723 (Old Style), sentenced in January and transported in February 1724 (New Style) as referenced in the Coldham book.  So she did not necessarily wait around a year before being shipped to America.  It is a difference in what the years are called depending on whether Old or New Style is used.

An interesting side note:  In a June 1820 pension application document, Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co, NY declared he was “seventy-nine years of age the 13th day of February last.”  From our perspective we would do the math and decide that he was therefore born 13 February 1741.  BUT that is by the New Style calendar.  At the time of Alexander’s birth, depending on which calendar was being used during this gradual change-over to the New Style, the year 1741 may not have started until March 25.  We should say he was born in 1740/41, to eliminate any confusion!

Source:  “Ancestry’s GUIDE TO RESEARCH, Case Studies in American Genealogy,” by Johni Cerny and Arlene Eakle, 1985.


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Which William Eastlick was the son of Alexander Eastlick of Steuben County, New York?

November 8, 2008

National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
c/o Shelly Johnson
1776 D Street,   NW
Washington, DC20006-5303

RE: Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co NY and his son William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN

Dear Ms. Johnson,

This letter is a follow-up to our phone conversation of October 14, 2008. I want to supply you with documentation on the lineage of William Eastlick from the Revolutionary War veteran Alexander Eastlick, to clear up the questions that have come up in recent years. I am intimately acquainted with these Eastlick lines, as I have been an Eastlick researcher for many years. From 1997 until 2007 I published a quarterly newsletter titled “Eastlick Roots and Branches,” which put me in contact with many Eastlick (Easlick, Eastlake, Eslick, etc.) families and researchers around the U.S. and beyond, including descendants of both the William Eastlicks in question.

The confusion stems from the fact that there were two men named William Eastlick who lived in close proximity to each other around the same time period:

The older William Eastlick was born about 1766 in New   Jersey. He married Phebe ____ and started a family in New Jersey. They moved to Steuben County, NY around 1804-05 and lived there until they moved to Crawford County, PA in 1837 (from census records, deeds and county tax records). William died in 1839 and his widow Phebe in 1856. This William is a nephew, cousin or possibly even a younger brother of Revolutionary War veteran Alexander Eastlick. I will call him “Crawford Co PA William.”

The younger William Eastlick was born in 1787 and moved with his parents, Alexander and Elizabeth Eastlick to SteubenCountyNY as a young man. He married his first wife, name unknown, about 1808 and they had the following children: Phebe, Hannah, Anna, Alexander, Mary, Elizabeth, Lorinda, and Amanda. He moved his family to Mercer County, PA around 1825. William’s first wife died or they divorced. His second wife was Jane McDonald, with whom he had the following children: Sanderson, Alfred, Sarah Jane, Rosannah, Mary Ann, William, Benjamin J., Caroline M., and Joseph. They moved from Mercer Co PA to LaGrange Co IN around 1833, where William and Jane lived out their lives (from census records, probate records and family documents). I will call him “LaGrange Co IN William.”

My line of descent from Alexander Eastlick is through his son Jacob, brother of “LaGrange Co IN William.” I will be happy to supply you with documentation proving my descent from Jacob if needed. Here I will offer documents that prove my Jacob’s relationship to “LaGrange Co IN William,” and the brothers’ descent from Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co NY. Also given are several references to William Eastlick and Jane McDonald as husband and wife.

Enclosed find the following documents showing that the son of Alexander Eastlick, Revolutionary War patriot, was William Eastlick of LaGrangeCountyIN and not William Eastlick of Crawford Co PA:

  • Will (and transcript of same) of Alexander Eastlick, written 26 February 1819, Steuben Co NY. In it, he named his wife Elizabeth and children John, William, Fanny, Betsey and Jacob. Some people speculate that Alexander may have sired the older William by a previous marriage, but if so, 1) why would he name two sons William and 2) if there WERE two sons named William, why weren’t they both named in his will?
  • Deed of 21 March 1822, Steuben Co NY. Alexander’s widow Elizabeth      sold their land in Steuben Co NY before she moved to Trumbull Co, OH. The deed names son John Eastlick and his wife Elizabeth as well as son Jacob Eastlick and wife Hannah. Unfortunately it does not name son William and wife—if it had, that would have given us the name of William’s first wife, and would have proven this was not the older William Eastlick, married to Phebe. The deed also does not name daughters Fanny (Frances) nor Betsey (Elizabeth) and their husbands.
  • Alexander Eastlick’s pension application file. These documents are on file at the National Archives, also available on [now]. They contain a record of his service out of NJ, but no genealogical information other than his birthdate and his wife Elizabeth’s name and age.
  • Family Bible record of William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN. Shows all seventeen children by two wives.
  • Margaret McDonald letters of Administration, Mercer Co, PA, 13 January 1884. This document outlines the relationship of William Eastlick and second wife Jane McDonald (sister of the deceased Margaret McDonald), as well as William’s eldest son Alexander Eastlick, who married Nancy McDonald, sister of Margaret and Jane. In other words, Alexander married a younger sister of his step-mother. The list of heirs includes only Jane’s children and not those of William’s first marriage.
  • LaGrange Co IN document from “Sole Heirs and Decedents” book 2, listing surviving heirs of William Eastlick after his death in 1862 and of Jane Eastlick after her death in 1878. Her list only includes her children and not those of William’s first marriage.
  • Rogers Cemetery record, LaGrange Co IN, with William and Jane Eastlick family burials. Their old original headstone was replaced in recent years by the late Earl James, direct descendant of William Eastlick, who holds SAR membership through Alexander Eastlick’s service. I should say that the old stone is still standing, but a newer stone was added as the old one had weathered almost beyond readability.
  • April 1882, Partition of Land of William and Jane Eastlick, LaGrange Co IN, listing heirs of William Eastlick.
  • LaGrange Co IN map showing Eastlick land.
  • Two letters (and transcripts of same) from A. B. Eastlick to my mother, Frances (Eastlick) Lewis, in the 1950s. A. B. was Albert Benjamin Eastlick, son of Benjamin J. Eastlick and grandson of William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN. The cousins who visited his family in Indiana were my ancestors, Lafayette Eastlick (son of Jacob) and family, who were involved in hydraulic gold-mining in Siskiyou County, CA. These letters establish      the relationship between descendants of the two brothers, Jacob and      William, sons of Alexander Eastlick. No such relationship continued with the “Crawford Co PA William” family that we know of, as they were more distant relatives. I also am in possession of Cassie Eastlick’s autograph book (daughter of Lafayette Eastlick), which contains signatures of friends and relatives acquired on their trip back east in 1886 when A. B. was about 8 years old and Cassie was about 14 years old.
  • “A Bit About Our New Jersey Roots” from my newsletter, Eastlick Roots and Branches, January 2003, details some of the Eastlick lines out of New Jersey that we have researched.
  • “Two Different Revolutionary War Era Alexanders” from April 1999 newsletter.
  • Deed transcript of 20 May 1845, Crawford Co PA. Heirs of “Crawford Co PA William” sold his land after William’s death in 1839. This William is not the son of Alexander Eastlick. We are still searching for the connection between this family and our line. There is certainly some connection because of the name and close proximity in New Jersey and New York. As stated above, we believe this William is a nephew, cousin, or younger brother of Alexander Eastlick.
  • Church records from the minutes of the First and Second Baptist Church of Reading, Steuben CoNY. The first set is from 1811 to 1822, mentioning Alexander and Elizabeth Eastlick, the second set is from 1833 to 1837, mentioning John and Margaret Eastlick (John is a son of “Crawford Co PA William”).
  • Chart: Descendants of Alexander Eastlick. All three of his sons (John, William and Jacob) named their first-born sons Alexander.
  • Chart: Descendants of William Easlick (Eastlick). None of his three sons were named Alexander. I realize this is not absolute proof that he is not the son of Alexander Eastlick, but because of traditional naming patterns, it points toward a father likely named Cornelius or John.

One of the most compelling arguments about which line is directly descended from Alexander Eastlick is that of family migration patterns. Alexander’s widow Elizabeth and family left the Steuben Co NY area within a year or so after his death, moving to Trumbull Co OH in 1822. Alexander’s son William and family moved to LaGrange Co IN. My ancestors, Jacob and family moved first to Trumbull Co OH with brother John, then to LaGrange Co IN with brother William before settling in Bureau Co IL. The older William and family, however, remained in Steuben Co NY for some 15 years before settling in Crawford Co PA. Families tended to migrate together, so this is another point that “Crawford Co PA William” is not the son of Alexander.

I earnestly hope you will examine these letters and documents and let me know if there is any other sort of proof I can offer to show that “LaGrange Co IN William” is the son of Alexander Eastlick, Revolutionary War patriot. As you know, genealogical research is made up of gathering documents that illustrate a paper trail, hoping to shine a light on the lives of our ancestors. I know that “LaGrange Co IN William” is the brother of my great-great-great grandfather Jacob Eastlick. I just hope that the evidence I have supplied will lead to you the same conclusion. I would dearly love to see the record set straight.

Thank you for your time,

Leslie Lewis
1009 Tyler Street
Port Townsend, WA 98368

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Cassie Eastlick’s Autograph Album

Cassie (Eastlick) Quigley (1872-1964) was the youngest sister of my great-grandfather Willard Eastlick. Their parents, Lafayette and Sarah (Preston) Eastlick had married in Bureau County, Illinois and started a family there. In 1863 they moved west with their first two children, Willard and Fannie (Frances). Their next three children were born in California: Lenna, Edrick and Cassie, the youngest. All five of the Eastlick siblings grew to adulthood, married, and had children of their own. Cassie married Frank Quigley and together they had three daughters, Hazel, Frances and Ethel. All three of the daughters married, but there were no grandchildren that survived.

In March of 1883, when Cassie was almost eleven years old, her cousin Wellington B. Eastlick gave her a gift of a small autograph album with blank pages to be filled with the signatures and remarks of friends and relatives. If you glance through the pages of the album you can see the names and autographs of many Eastlick cousins, and its historical value begins to emerge. The poetry is sometimes silly, sometimes sincere, sometimes touching, but the idea that this little book was held and signed by so many of our relatives is awesome. As I transcribed names and dates and places contained on those pages, I could piece together a time-line of travels by Cassie and her family back to Illinois and Iowa to visit relatives in October and November of 1886.

Here is a list of the people who signed Cassie’s album, with dates and locations where given. Maybe you can find one of your ancestors!


Arranged chronologically by date of signatures

 NAME           [BIRTH-DEATH]       DATE SIGNED        LOCATION        RELATIONSHIP       

Wellington B. Eastlick [1850-1923], 3 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, 1st cousin, s/o Edward B. Eastlick

Fannie Butler [Frances (Eastlick) Butler, 1862-1948], 3 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, sister

G. D. Butler [George Butler, 1850-1910], 4 March 1883, bro-in-law

Lenna Eastlick [1865-1954], 4 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, sister

Willard Eastlick [1859-1946], 5 March 1883, brother

Edrick Eastlick [1868-1948], 5 March 1883, brother

Philip, 8 May 1883                                          

Aunt Abbie [Abigail (Vaughan) Eastlick, 1853-1933], 5 June 1883, aunt, w/o Mahlon D. Eastlick

Hattie Vaughan, 5 June 1883, Oro Fino CA    

M. D. E. [Mahlon Eastlick, 1832-1908], 11 June 188?, Seattle, W. T., uncle

Fannie Wilson, 20 Oct 1883, Oro Fino CA    

John Edward Eastlick [1869-1917], 15 Feb 1884, 1st cousin, s/o William Wallace Eastlick

Grant Lewis [1870-1960], 28 Feb 1884                                         

Mary O. Eastlick [Mary Ozella Eastlick, 1866-1890, Mrs. John Pitz], 1st cousin, d/o William Wallace Eastlick

John Pitz [1860-1899, who married Cassie’s 1st cousin, Mary O. Eastlick in 1884]

Lodemia Sampson [1870-1897], 14 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA    

[Lodemia married Frank Quigley in 1892. After her death, Frank married Cassie Eastlick, in 1903]

Gay Conner [1872-1933], 15 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA, sister of Willard Eastlick’s wife Creet     

Mary E. Starr [1872-1952], 15 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA, later married to Hiram Whipple, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Emma Smith, 15 Jan 1885, Independent Flat, Sisk. Co

Mattie Sampson [b. 1872, sister of Lodemia Sampson], 16 Jan 1886, Oro Fino CA    

Cassie Eastlick [1872-1964], 6 March 1886, Oro Fino CA    

J. Herbert Lette, 12 Oct 1886, Webster City, Wright County, IA      

J. D. Floyd, 12 Oct 1886, Eagle Grove, Wright County, IA

May Delany, 12 Oct 1886, Eagle Grove, Wright County, IA

J. D. Stryker [Jeremiah D. Stryker, 1849-1918], Woolstock, Wright County, IA, 2nd cousin, grandson of Frances [Eastlick] Stryker

Helen E. Whipple [Helen (Eastlick) Whipple, 1830-1909], Walnut, Bureau County, IL, aunt, sister of Cassie’s father

M. G. Whipple [Michael Grant Whipple, 1863-1949], 17 Oct 1886, Walnut, Bureau County, IL, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

D. W. Whipple [David Wilson Whipple, 1861-1937], 24 Oct 1886, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Jefferson D. Whipple [1863-1949], 1 Nov 1886, New Bedford IL, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Lottie Whipple [Charlotte Whipple, 1870-1940], 1 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Lafayett Whipple [1864-1936], New Bedford, Illinois, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Frank Angle [b. ca. 1875], New Bedford, IL, 1st cousin, once removed [s/o Sarah (Sells) Angle, grandson of Mary Ann (Eastlick) Sells]

Grant Whipple [Michael Grant Whipple, 1863-1949], 21 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Liss Bowen [Melissa (Whipple) Bowen, 1856-1893], 21 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Mary Whipple [Mary Ann Whipple, 1861-1898], 21 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, 1st cousin, d/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Carrie Maxfield, 21 Nov 1886, Prophetstown, IL                      

Harvey M. Preston [1845-1931], 22 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, uncle, b/o Cassie’s mother, Sarah (Preston) Eastlick

Martha Preston [Martha [Bowen] Preston, ca. 1850-1911], 22 Nov 1886, aunt, w/o Harvey Preston

Alberta Preston [b. ca. 1874], 22 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Harvey Preston

Luretta Rose [Luretta J. “Ettie” (Eastlick) Rose, b. 1858], 1st cousin, d/o Sylvester Eastlick

Etta Stryker [probably Marietta Stryker, b. ca. 1864], 1st cousin, once-removed, [d/o William Stryker, granddaughter of Frances (Eastlick) Stryker]

E. P. Eastlick, 23 July 1889, brother

Grace Wilcox [Belvena Grace Wilcox, 1874-1935], 1st cousin once-removed, granddaughter of Edward B. Eastlick [Grace married Cassie’s brother Edrick P. Eastlick in 1899]

J. S. Whipple [James S. Whipple, 1870-1890], 1890, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

J. F. Whipple [John Franklin Whipple, 1867-1931], 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Mattie Eastlick [Martha Ann (Cox) Eastlick, 1864-1949], 6 Sept, Cloverdale, CA, w/o 1st cousin Almond D. Eastlick, s/o Edward B. Eastlick

Della Bowen [1877-1902], 1st cousin, once-removed [d/o Melissa (Whipple) Bowen, granddaughter of Helen (Eastlick) Whipple. Della married William Wescoat, son of Phebe (Dutcher) Eastlick Wescoat]

Alice Hall [Alice (Eastlick) Hall, b. 1854], 1st cousin, d/o Sylvester Eastlick

Norah Butler [1884-1971], niece, d/o Frances (Eastlick) Butler


Posted in Conner, Eastlick, Preston, Stryker, Whipple | Comments Off on Cassie Eastlick’s Autograph Album