My Search for Ella’s Conyer Ancestors

When I first became part of Pete’s family, I brought my interest in genealogy with me. I wanted to trace his family tree as well as my own. Harlan and Ella shared with me some clippings and documents and photos of their families to get me started. Harlan was particularly interested in finding out more about his mother’s Estes family, and Ella wanted to find out more about her father’s Conyer(s) family.

One of the first important clues for the Conyers search was what Ella showed me in her family Bible. This chart took her line back to her grandfather, Henry C. Conyer and although his wife’s name was missing, it did list the name of Henry’s brother, Irving, which would turn out to be important later.

My first task was to find Ella’s father Thomas Wesley Conyer in a census record as a child living in the home of his parents. Since Harlan and Ella both grew up in Florida, it was no surprise to find the Conyers family living in Manatee County in 1900. Henry’s birthdate and place were reported incorrectly in this record, and for some reason his wife’s name was left blank. Census records can be full of mistakes, but when you find who you are looking for, they do confirm that a family was in a certain place at a certain time.

The important thing was finding Thomas enumerated with his father H. C. Conyer and siblings Walter and Bessie. Having the Bible information was critical for proving this link.

Later, other records revealed the name of Henry’s wife, Jincy Anne Wood, whose three marriages produced the siblings and half-siblings listed in Ella’s Bible. Jincy first married William Harrison Hosford and had a daughter Laura. Her second husband was Joe Parrish, with whom she had Verda, Frank and Mary Jo Parrish. Her final marriage was to Henry C. Conyer, father of Walter, Thomas, Jessie and Bessie.

The next step was to find Henry as a child with his own parents in a census record, so that we could discover their names. In the 1860 census for Clarendon District, South Carolina, I found the Conyers family: Jno (John) and Ann, both 32, Sarah 8, Lucy 4, Henry 2, and Ervin 5 months old. This variation of Irving or Irvin was confirmation that I had the right family. All the family members were reported as born in South Carolina.

I also found John and Ann listed in Darlington County, South Carolina, ten years earlier in the 1850 census, newly married with no children. Their names were shown as John C. Conyers and Anna J. Conyers. In later census years, however, I could not find John and Anna Conyers. Some of the four children were enumerated in other households, which led me to believe that perhaps the parents had died sometime after the 1860 census. That’s when it hit me that perhaps the Conyers family had been caught up in the turbulence of the Civil War, and I sought out military records for John Conyers.

Lucky for us, many military records are now available online. It didn’t take long to locate John Conyers. He had enrolled at age 36 as a private in the Confederate army on June 24, 1861. The unit he joined at Ridgeville in Sumter County, South Carolina was Captain Alexander Colclough’s Company of the 2nd Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers. This unit subsequently became Company D of the 9th Regiment of SC Volunteers.

Sadly, John did not survive the war. He died at Culpeper Hospital in Virginia of typhoid and pneumonia in November of 1861.

John’s name appears on a monument of Confederate soldiers buried at Fairview Cemetery in Culpeper County, Virginia.

What had become of John’s widow, Anna? I wondered if she also had died during this time or whether she remarried and took a different name. Sometimes it’s hard to trace the women.

Meanwhile, Ella’s grandfather Henry C. Conyers, as a young man and without his parents, was enumerated in both 1870 and 1880 in the home of Harvey and Mary Locklear in Tabor, Crawford County, Georgia. In the 1870 record, one of his sisters was living there, too. In the 1880 census, Henry was listed as “nephew.” Was he the nephew of Harvey Locklear or of Harvey’s wife, Mary?

The name Locklear comes in many variations: Locklayer, Locklier, Locklair, Locklear. I started snooping around for that family. When Pete and I visited the archives in Manning, South Carolina on our 2013 road trip, we found lots of Conyers and Locklear records, but nothing that could definitely tie us to John and Ann.

My search stagnated at that point until the summer of 2017. I was taking a look through some of Pete’s genetic matches on the Family Tree DNA website and came across a fellow named Ken Player who had both Conyers and Locklears in his family tree. This perked my interest. I contacted him and while I waited for his response, I did some more digging.

I decided to look for military records out of South Carolina. I struck gold when I found a pension file for a War of 1812 veteran named Strann Conyers. He had married several times, and at an advanced age he married his fourth wife—a young girl of 16 named Mary Locklear.

Turns out they had a child together, which died at age 5. Shortly after that, young Mary left her husband and went with her sister to visit relatives in Manatee County, Florida. The affidavits in the file tell the tale of woe. While in Florida, Mary married another man and started a family with him there. When the old veteran Strann Conyers died, Mary left husband number two in Florida and returned to South Carolina to claim the widow’s pension under Conyers’ service. Fraud charges and a legal battle ensued, which provided records detailing all the family relationships and what took place—for 184 pages. Quite a story.

While I do not yet know how Strann Conyers is related to Ella’s line, after studying the records in the pension file, I was able to reconstruct the family of Mary Locklear. She was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah Locklear, whose children included Stephen, Anna, Harvey, Nelson, Irvin, Eliza, Andrew, Mary, Julia, Martha, Louisa and Elizabeth.

Mary’s sister Julia Locklear is the ancestor of Pete’s DNA match, Ken Player. Eliza was the sister who went along with Mary to Florida. Nelson Locklear was the brother they visited in Manatee County. Irvin Locklear was the brother for whom John and Anna Conyers likely named their younger son, and with whom Irvin Conyer was living at one point. Harvey was of course the person with whom Henry C. Conyers lived in 1870 and 1880. Harvey’s Civil War record indicates he was born in Sumter County, South Carolina. In the 1885 Florida State Census, Henry Conyer was living in Manatee County, Florida as were Harvey and Mary Locklear. Everything seems to indicate that John Conyers’ wife was Anna Locklear.

Here is the Thomas Locklear (Locklier) family enumerated in the 1850 census for the Sumter District of South Carolina, just a couple of months before Anna was enumerated as a newlywed with John Conyers.

I’m pretty excited about this discovery of Anna’s birth family, but that still doesn’t tell us where she ended up. So far I have found no cemetery record or subsequent marriage record for her. Someday a new clue will emerge. Perhaps by tracing each of Anna’s siblings we will find a tidbit that will crack the case. The fact that Anna was not involved in her sister’s court case over the pension fraud leads me to believe that she was indeed deceased by that time.

Many of the Conyers and Locklears of early South Carolina served in the Revolutionary War. There is also some evidence that the Locklears intermarried with the indigenous tribes in that area of South Carolina. Some branches of Locklears are listed as Free Persons of Color or in some cases as mixed race (mulatto) in the early census records. Perhaps Ella and her offspring have Indian heritage. So many more things to research!

Posted in Conyers, Locklear | Comments Off on My Search for Ella’s Conyer Ancestors

Setting the record straight – Daniel Wade’s three wives and the DAR records

I was so thrilled and excited to find out yesterday that the supplemental application I prepared for the DAR last year was vetted and approved by their genealogists! To correct the mistake of previous applicants, I had to gather proof documents and lay out my case. Supplementals generally take about ten months to go through the process, so it was great to finally find out yesterday that my argument passed muster! See my original cover letter below:

October 14, 2015

Office of the Registrar General, NSDAR
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
1776 D Street NW
Washington, DC 20006-5303


Enclosed please find my supplemental application under the services of Daniel Wade, #A119673. Although I used the Build-an-App process to begin with, I need to highlight some new information that has come to light in recent years regarding the wives of Daniel Wade.

Prior applications were made using as a resource the Stuart C. Wade book, “The Wade Genealogy,” published in 1900. Unfortunately, as sometimes happens with family genealogy books, errors were made. In regards to Daniel Wade, page 245, only two of his three wives were shown: Elizabeth, who died 4 Dec 1758, and Temperance (no dates given). Temperance was actually his third wife. Wade’s second wife was Magdalena Whitehead. Nowhere does Stuart C. Wade mention the middle wife, Magdalena. As a result, most Wade researchers do not know of her and have posted Temperance as the mother of several of the Wade children, or have carelessly merged Magdalena and Temperance into one person, naming her Magdalena Temperance Whitehead Wade, which is incorrect.

Timothy Whitehead’s 1779 will (Essex Co, NJ) names his daughter Magdalena Wade and his son-in-law Daniel Wade. Daniel Wade’s 1793 will (Essex Co, NJ) gives the name of his wife Temperance.

In 2011, a Whitehead researcher named Travis Whitehead contacted me to inform me that Daniel Wade did indeed marry three times. Travis sent me the image of a page of David Whitehead’s diary listing the five children of Timothy Whitehead, along with their birth and death dates, including my Magdalena (Whitehead) Wade, who died in 1783.

Here is the timeline:

Daniel Wade first married Elizabeth (last name unknown), and they had children. She died in 1758. The Wade children born before 1758 belong to Elizabeth.

Daniel then married his second wife, Magdalena Whitehead, and they had children. Magdalena is mentioned in her father’s 1779 will. She died in 1783 according to her nephew’s diary. The Wade children born between Elizabeth’s death in 1758 and Magdalena’s death in 1783 belong to Magdalena. Daniel and Magdalena’s son Jacob Wade is my ancestor.

Daniel then married his third wife, Temperance (last name unknown), and names her in his will, dated 1793, the year he died. Most likely they did NOT have children together, as Temperance was at least 50 years old when they married sometime after 1783. Her age was figured from burial information: Temperance Wade was buried in the First Presbyterian Church Yard at Newark, Essex Co, NJ. The Genealogical Society of New Jersey file of cemetery records at Alexander Library (Rutgers) show her cemetery record as follows:

Temperance Wade, “the widow” died 5 Feb 1818, aged 86 years and 13 days.
Buried at First Presbyterian Church Yard, Essex NJ, sect. A, lot 58.

The cemetery at the First Presbyterian Church Yard in Newark is now paved over and the headstones no longer exist.

Thank you for allowing me to explain this new information which disagrees with prior applications in the GRS. Of course I am also including the proof documents referenced above.


Leslie Lewis


Posted in Lewis, Wade, Whitehead | Comments Off on Setting the record straight – Daniel Wade’s three wives and the DAR records

Will the REAL Joseph Crouch please stand up?

This dispatch comes about due to a new Crouch cousin contacting me recently after seeing my info and photos on Find a Grave. She has been working on her branch of the Crouch family for several years and has gone into DNA testing in a big way, just like me and my family. She is hoping we can work together to trace these elusive Crouches back to find our common ancestors and beyond.

Since she wrote me a week ago I have been burning up the internet trying to push our line back before Joseph Crouch and Margaret McCall. I thought I had hit the jackpot the other day when I found Joseph’s pension file for service in the War of 1812 on It contained 211 pages of wonderful information. I was so excited, I updated my Family Tree Maker (still using it, thanks to MacKiev’s 2014.1 version)!

But it turns out I was a little hasty.

Let me explain….
In the 1990s when I was corresponding with Glenn Crouch and Charles Lilly (both now deceased), I was told that our Joseph Crouch had married three times:

1) Margaret McCall (by whom he had his children) in 1804, Ross Co OH
2) Jerusha DeHart in 1829, Tippecanoe Co, IN
3) Margaret Latimer in 1855, Tippecanoe Co, IN

I’m sure many of you have this same information.

So all these years, I have assumed this information was correct. NOW, after spending several hours downloading and studying all the pages of this fascinating (and heartbreaking) pension file, I began to be suspicious that something was amiss.

First, the ages of pensioner Joseph Crouch as stated in the affidavits consistently pointed to a birth around 1798 or 1799. OUR Joseph Crouch, on the other hand, married Margaret McCall in 1804, indicating a birth year around 1780 to 1783 or so. Yet even the census records in 1850 and 1870 pointed to a birth around 1799 for pensioner Joseph Crouch.

Then, the pension file made many references to his “first wife” Jerusha DeHart and to the widow Margaret Latimer (Lattimore) applying for a pension after Joseph’s death, but never to Margaret McCall nor any of his (supposed) six or seven children.

Finally, I re-read Levi Crouch’s manuscript (oldest son of Montgomery McCall Crouch) and he said that he had never met his grandfather Joe Crouch, who had remained in Ohio all his life. Meanwhile, the pensioner Joseph Crouch recorded in the Fold3 pension file had moved back and forth between Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, and finally to Montgomery County, Indiana, where he died in 1878.

Obviously, we are looking at two different Joseph Crouches. To think that Pete and I travelled through Montgomery County, Indiana a few years ago and spent hours at the library and visiting cemeteries there to find out more about our Joseph, when this was the WRONG GUY!

I immediately notified our Crouch Family page on Facebook, and changed my Family Tree Maker AND my online tree at I had to separate out the facts about these two men named Joseph Crouch, and reattach the records to the appropriate individual.

I then snooped around a bit and saw a tree online that shows our Joseph as the UNCLE of the pensioner Joseph. This tree claims our Joseph’s second wife was named Eliza and they were living in Highland County, Ohio, the same county where our Joseph’s son, Montgomery McCall Crouch was born. Now to flesh out THAT family and search for confirmation that he is OUR Joseph.

Posted in Crouch | Comments Off on Will the REAL Joseph Crouch please stand up?

Harvey M. Dixon update

I wanted to check in with you again because it has been four months since I posted the Dixon/Lewis connection.

Here’s an update:

I wrote to three living descendants of Jacob/Harvey through his son George. Coincidentally, they all live in Washington State, like me. I have received a reply from one of them, and I am planning to send her more info soon.

More recently I have corresponded with the wife of a descendant of Harvey’s daughter Malinda Francis (Dixon) Fitzgerald. I found her through an ancestry tree showing her husband’s line going back to Harvey M. Dixon. She seemed surprised about it, but I think she’s convinced, as she has changed her tree to reflect the Lewis connection.

Another major breakthrough… I had earlier noticed that some trees online show a marriage of a Jacob Lewis to Susanna Austin in Pittsford, Monroe, New York in 1838. Supposedly they had two children, Allen and Martha Lewis. In searching for more information, I found that Susanna may have lived until 1903 (no record to back this up yet). Her parents, William and Rebecca (Doud) Austin, are buried in the Farmersville Center Cemetery, Cattaraugus County, New York!! YES, THE SAME CEMETERY where Jacob’s parents, CALEB AND JOANNA (Wade) LEWIS are buried! The Austin family were early settlers of Cattaraugus County, just like the Lewises.

Could our Jacob W. Lewis have abandoned his first family in New York, a wife Susanna and children Allen and Martha? Is that why he disappeared and ended up in Missouri/Iowa? Were Jacob and Susanna legally divorced, or did he just run out on her? And what became of Susanna?

I could not find any census records showing Susanna with her children in 1850 or beyond to verify the family unit. But something interesting surfaced. Another tree online showed a marriage of a Martha Dixon to a man named Elvin M. Dent, which may have taken place in Iowa. A little more digging…. drum roll….

I found Elvin and Martha Dent were living next door to Harvey M. Dixon and family in the 1860 census!! So his daughter by his first marriage ended up near her father in Hickory County, Missouri.

Boy, that 1860 census sure holds a lot of good information! Not only does it show Harvey M. Dixon and family with his brother Guy C. Lewis in the household, but right next door is Elvin and Martha Dent. Martha was age 18 in this census. Although there were no children shown in her household (only a brother of Elvin’s), again, online trees suggest a child, William Dent, was born about 1864. And they say Martha died about 1865.

Civil War records show that Elvin served in Company C, 40th Iowa Infantry. In fact, in June of 1863 he is shown as residing in Union Twp., Mahaska County, Iowa, age 30, born in Tennessee, married and a carpenter by trade. So Martha and Elvin obviously moved (back?) to Iowa along with her father and his family. Harvey M. Dixon enlisted in Company D, 33rd Iowa Infantry.

Now, in googling around, I have landed on some posts left over ten years ago that tell family stories* that when Elvin came back from the war, he found his wife Martha had taken off and left their baby Willie with his mother-in-law (Harvey’s widow Catherine Starnes Dixon). He took the baby with him and moved to Illinois to live with his half-brother James. Elvin was remarried in Arkansas in 1867 to Tabitha Morgan, a widow with four children of her own. William Dent was living with his father Elvin and family in the 1870 census, Barry County, Missouri, but disappears after that.

*These stories are supported by affidavits in Tabitha Dent’s widow’s pension application, which I so far have been unable to find. Have only heard of them second-hand so far.

What happened to William Dent? Did he reach adulthood? Marry? Have children?

And more unanswered questions… did Martha Lewis (AKA Dixon) Dent die or desert her family?

What ever happened to Susanna (Austin) Lewis and her son Allen Lewis?

The search continues!!! This is one interesting family!

I would LOVE to hear from anyone associated with the Dixons, Starnes or Dents.

Posted in Austin, Dent, Dixon, Fitzgerald, Lewis, Wade | Comments Off on Harvey M. Dixon update

Jacob W. Lewis, AKA Harvey M. Dixon???

I wanted to let you know some interesting news regarding Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis’ eldest son, Jacob W. Lewis. The tie-in looks pretty sure, although I am still looking for some sort of confirmation to really nail it down.

After all these years of searching for Jacob W. Lewis, these were our only clues:

“Genealogical and Family History of Western New York,” Vol. II by W. R. Cutter, 1912, page 832, regarding the Caleb Lewis family of Farmersville, Cattaraugus County, NY. The list of children includes Jacob, who “moved to Dickson, Missouri; was killed in the civil war; left a family.”

Lewis Family Bible Records from the Cattaraugus County Historian:
List of children of Caleb and Joanna (Wade) Lewis includes Jacob W. Lewis, with a birthdate of August 11, 1818.

The 1820 Census record finds the family living in Genesee County, NY. Shortly after that, Caleb purchased land in Cattaraugus County and settled there with his family. One can safely assume Jacob W. Lewis was born in Genesee County, New York.

Caleb’s probate papers, dated March, April and May of 1865 (he died 1856 and his widow in 1862, but the legal documents were filed in 1865 by their son Ralph Lewis):
List of heirs include “Jacob Lewis, residing at Union Mills, Iowa.”

In the 40 years since my interest in genealogy began, I have never been able to find Jacob in any other records, including military, census, cemetery records or anything. This was frustrating, as I like to flesh out all siblings in a family so that I can get a complete picture of relationships and migrations.

Then this past Sunday, out of the blue, I received an email from a researcher who had seen my Find-A-Grave posting for Caleb Lewis listing his kids and their birthdates. She noticed Jacob’s birthdate of August 11, 1818 in Genesee County, New York, and that he had moved to Iowa, but nothing further was known. This information matched one of her family members, Harvey M. Dixon. He was on record (WPA grave records out of Iowa) as having been born August 11, 1818 in Genesee County, New York. Harvey served in Co D, 33rd Iowa Infantry during the Civil War and died of disease before war’s end. What clued her into the Lewis family on her search for Dixons was the appearance of Guy C. Lewis in Harvey’s household in 1860. She looked up Guy C. Lewis on Find-A-Grave, which led her to Caleb and the mention of Jacob W. Lewis, older brother of Guy.

Harvey M. Dixon married Catharine C. Starnes in Hickory County, Missouri in 1847. The couple moved to Mahaska County, Iowa by 1850, but were back in Hickory County, Missouri in the 1860 census.

You could think it was a remarkable coincidence, two men with different names having the same birthdate, birthplace, and having moved from New York to Iowa only to die during the Civil War. But the clincher is the appearance of Guy Carlton Lewis in the Dixon household in 1860, another of the Lewis brothers out of New York. Guy was staying with his older brother! He obviously knew his brother was at that time going by the name “Harvey M. Dixon” and the Dixon (Dickson) name even filtered back to the Lewis family in the form of a confused reference in the Western NY book. Yet in Caleb’s probate papers, Jacob is not shown AKA Harvey Dixon, so apparently not everyone in the Lewis family was informed… at least our branch knew nothing about it as far as I know. But then, my great-great-grandfather Ralph Lewis was the tenth of eleven Lewis siblings. His eldest brother Jacob would likely have been out of the  household by the time Ralph came along in 1842.

I have looked up Catharine’s widow’s pension application on Fold3 which verifies her marriage to Harvey M. Dixon, her maiden name, his birthplace, his date of his death and the three surviving heirs of Harvey Dixon, namely George W. Dixon, Malinda Francis Dixon and Thomas Jefferson Dixon. Their birthdates are shown as well.

The information all seems to match our Jacob W. Lewis, but I am hoping to find just one more document that might prove the link, perhaps a legal document that might mention a name change. Why did Jacob/Harvey appear in Missouri in the 1840s? Did he want to start a new life with a clean slate? Did he do something illegal? Was he escaping from a dysfunctional family? Why would he go to Missouri in the first place? How is it they ended up in Mahaska County, Iowa?

Many times we assume our ancestors moved to find greener pastures. But they don’t usually change their names. By doing this, Jacob/Harvey wiped out his past history and made it difficult for Lewis researchers to locate him, and for Dixon researchers to find his parents, who weren’t named Dixon at all!

So many mysteries! But these are very intriguing new clues to the oldest of the Lewis brothers. Now I’m hoping to find a male Dixon descendant who might be willing to take a DNA test to confirm this. Since my father is a direct male descendant of Caleb Lewis, a Y-DNA match to a Dixon descendant would give us the proof we seek.

Posted in Dixon, Lewis | Comments Off on Jacob W. Lewis, AKA Harvey M. Dixon???

The Saga of Samuel and Mary Eastlick


 A widely-circulated genealogy claims that Alexander Eastlick (1741-1821) of Steuben County, New York, was the son of James Eastlick, a wagon maker in England. There is no known documentation to confirm this, yet it may be a clue for further research. There is one James Eastlick listed in the IGI (International Genealogical Index) for England as baptized in Middlesex in 1719, son of Samuel and Mary Eastlick.

We have no record of when or if the James Eastlick of Middlesex ever came to America. As for Samuel and Mary, Peter Wilson Coldham reports in his book, “English Convicts in Colonial America” that one Samuel Eastlick was transported to the American Colonies in July 1723 on the ship Alexander. Ed Easlick has located the landing certificate verifying that Samuel survived the journey (eleven individuals did not) and made it to Annapolis, MD on 14 September 1723. Mary Eastlick, also a convict, was transported on the ship Anne in February 1724 to Carolina. Another source, “Petitioners Against Imprisonment for Debt listed in the London Gazette 1712-1724,” reveals that Samuel Eastlack, late of St Olave, Southwark, was a tailor. Are these transports, Samuel and Mary Eastlick, the parents of James “the wagon maker”? Is James the father of Alexander?  Of what crimes were Samuel and Mary convicted?

The Transportation Act of 1718, during the reign of George I, was an act for “further preventing robbery, burglary, and other felonies, and for the most effectual transportation of felons.” Crime in England had been mounting, especially in London, Middlesex, and Surrey areas. “No longer would transportation be confined solely to the pardoning process and acts of executive clemency, as it had been,” but now would include “petty larcenists and offenders…non capital felonies…banished directly to America for seven years” and “for stolen good for fourteen.”  “Its most compelling advantage, in the eyes of the policy makers, lay in expelling from British shores significant quantities of threatening offenders whose ways would not be mended by more mild penalties” of no punishment or providing labor for the colonies.

Transportation to the Americas was ended on the outbreak of the rebellion in 1776.  Transportation provided a useful compromise for the authorities ensuring that individuals could be punished without actually killing them.”

Questions abound.  Were transports Samuel and Mary the same people as the married couple mentioned in the baptism records? If so, how would they find each other after arriving in the Colonies? If they were indentured for 7 or 14 years, did they fulfill their obligations? Did they ever meet up again? Is there any record of them over here? If they WERE the parents of James, what became of him? Did he stay in England and come to America later?  Did he come with Mary? Were there other children? There are too many loose ends to prove any lineage at this point.

When my parents, Russ and Fran Lewis, were in England in 1998, they searched for documents that might fill in the details on the crimes and convictions of Samuel and Mary, whether or not these individuals prove to be our ancestors. At the Greater London Record Office, they examined the Middlesex Sessions Record Calendar of Indictments, consisting of the old, original documents, rolled-up records of one day’s court session. The outside cover of each roll was a long piece of leather-like material, with a numbered index of each hearing listed on the back. The number referred to the individual notes rolled inside. Samuel’s case was listed as #42 on the index, but matched #39 of the minutes. The documents were written in a mix of Latin and old English phrases which made them difficult to read. Thanks to the assistance of the staff in translating, Mom and Dad were able to take notes on the contents of the documents, as follows:

Indictment February 1722/23* Session Minutes

42. (list inside cover of roll)  Samuel Eastlick com’d by Samuel Newton Esq. for stealing a brass pestle and mortar from Samuel Eastlick, his father, DOT 18th.

39.  (Latin phrases)…King George, etc….Samuel Eastlick….parish St Mary Marylebone, Whitechapel, in county of Middlesex, 4 February (Latin phrases)…List of items stolen included one hat, one pestle and mortar, one pair of worsted stockings, six napkins valor trim, 2 or 3 more items.  (Latin phrases to the end)

Samuel Eslick Jr. for goods of the value of 17 schilling of Samuel Eslick Sr.; put himself on the county and found guilty to value of 39 schilling, has no property, seeks benefit of the statute; it allocated (granted) and is transported.

Note on top:  He was transported (from individual page for this session)

And as for Mary:

Indictment January 1723

35.  Maria Estlick theft of goods the value of 4 pounds 16 schillings and no pence of Joseph Williams.  Seeks trial not guilty; and they did not change.

35.  Maria Eslick late of St Sepulcher, county of Middlesex, servant, 11 Dec…from Joseph Williams, 1 silver watch – 40 schillings, 1 porringer – 20 schillings, 5 silver spoons – 16 schillings; feloniously stole them and covered them away; pleaded guilty…found guilty, transported.

Witnesses:  Joseph Williams, Abigail Partridge

Note:  seeks benefit of statute, allocated and she is transported.


Contributed by Fran Lewis

It is difficult to describe the feelings Russ and I had, holding the court documents from the 1700s and seeing the names of Samuel and Mary on them. I had accepted the family lore that they were husband and wife and been transported at different times. But as I read the documents, I began to ask why we thought that they were married. There was evidence of a Samuel and Mary Eastlick with a son, James, baptized in 1719 in a parish in Middlesex, which was about the same time period. But due to the fact that Samuel stole from his father, which might mean he was still living at home (or not), and that Maria (Mary) was a servant, they could have been merely two people who shared the last name (cousins or whatever).

From Coldham’s records we know that the transported Samuel was a tailor and now we know that his own father charged him with a felony so that he was transported. Felons received 14 years (Mary was also a felon) and it stunned us to think that his own father had brought charges.  We could speculate that this was a way to get him to the Colonies where he might have a better chance than in England. There are all kinds of scenarios.

We checked the IGI records and found many Samuel and Mary couples. Some of them continued to baptize children after the transportation dates and so could be eliminated. There is not a couple that had additional children baptized after James that we could find in that same parish.

Again, we know the ships each were transported on, and Samuel is listed in a landing document in the Colonies.  There is no record of Mary’s arrival that we are aware of. If they were husband and wife, how did they maintain contact with each other, or did they? And if they were in fact the parents of James, where did he go? We could not find an answer to our question about children of transported people. Did they remain behind? Did they get transported? It is difficult to imagine that a woman would be as valuable in the Colonies with a child.

But of course, the real mysteries remain as none of this ties me to either of these two people.  Until we can document who Alexander’s father is, we do not know our connection back to England. Nor can we trace the Samuel, Jr. and Samuel, Sr. to Bodmin. Another trip to England!

English Convicts in Colonial America, Vol. I, Middlesex:  1617-1775, Compiled and edited by Peter Wilson Coldham

Eastlick, Samuel, sentenced in May, transported July 1723 on ship Alexander to Maryland

Eastlick, Mary, sentenced in January, transported February 1724, ship Anne to Carolina

Appendix II, List of Ships Carrying London, Middlesex and Home Counties Convicts to America 1716-1775

Date           Ship            Captain            Number        To          Remarks
July 1723     Alexander      John King     105     Maryland**   11 died on voyage

Feb 1724       Anne         Thomas Wrangham  67        Carolina

**landing certificate issued at port of arrival


Other references:

Bound for America, by A. Roger Ekirch, 1987.

The Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies 1718-1775, by David Stanford, University Printing House, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP.  Published in the US by Oxford University Press, New York.

Lists of Emigrants in Bondage, by Kaminkow & Kaminkow.

Bound With an Iron Chain:  The Untold Story of How the British Transported 50,000 Convicts to Colonial America by Anthony Vaver.  Note from Fran: “This book provides an excellent view of the many possibilities of what might have happened to Samuel, Jr. when he landed at Annapolis.  He might have bought his freedom at landing if his father had indeed been instrumental in his transportation; he might have been purchased at the dock because of his trade (the reason we have not found a record of his sale); he might have ended up in Maryland and/or North Carolina either at a tobacco plantation or in mining; he may have served only 7 years of his 14 since that was what often happened.  Without documentation of his purchasing land at some point, it is very difficult to trace him in the Colonies, and at this time we have not found any such documentation.  The fact that he had a documented trade (tailor) leads me to believe he had opportunities in the new land especially valuable to a plantation owner.”

*Note from Leslie:  A discussion of the calendar might be appropriate here to avoid confusion with dates during this time period.  The Julian calendar was used throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, but it had inaccuracies causing the calendar dates to gradually get ahead of actual (sun) time.  To solve these problems, the Gregorian calendar was adopted in 1582.  England, however, resisted the change, and only gradually transitioned into using the new calendar.  In the Colonies, as in England, the first day of each new year had been celebrated on March 25, until an act of Parliament in 1752 finally brought about the important change unifying England’s calendar with the rest of the Western world.  After 1752, the change-over from one year to the next would occur on January 1.  Referring to an event which occurred in January, February, or March prior to 1752, we often see it recorded with double dates, such as 1722/23.  This means that according to the old style calendar (pre-1752) the year of the event was 1722, but according to the new style calendar, the year would be referred to as 1723.

This affects both Samuel and Mary’s years of indictment.   Samuel was indicted in February of 1722 (Old Style) when the year 1723 would not have begun until March 25.  However, since we now consider February the 2nd month of the year and not the 11th, we would refer to that date as 1723 (New Style).  The dates of his sentencing (May), transport (July) and arrival in the Colonies (September) do not fall between January 1 and March 24, so no double-dating is necessary.

Mary was indicted in January 1723 (Old Style), sentenced in January and transported in February 1724 (New Style) as referenced in the Coldham book.  So she did not necessarily wait around a year before being shipped to America.  It is a difference in what the years are called depending on whether Old or New Style is used.

An interesting side note:  In a June 1820 pension application document, Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co, NY declared he was “seventy-nine years of age the 13th day of February last.”  From our perspective we would do the math and decide that he was therefore born 13 February 1741.  BUT that is by the New Style calendar.  At the time of Alexander’s birth, depending on which calendar was being used during this gradual change-over to the New Style, the year 1741 may not have started until March 25.  We should say he was born in 1740/41, to eliminate any confusion!

Source:  “Ancestry’s GUIDE TO RESEARCH, Case Studies in American Genealogy,” by Johni Cerny and Arlene Eakle, 1985.


Posted in Eastlick | Comments Off on The Saga of Samuel and Mary Eastlick

Which William Eastlick was the son of Alexander Eastlick of Steuben County, New York?

November 8, 2008

National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
c/o Shelly Johnson
1776 D Street,   NW
Washington, DC20006-5303

RE: Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co NY and his son William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN

Dear Ms. Johnson,

This letter is a follow-up to our phone conversation of October 14, 2008. I want to supply you with documentation on the lineage of William Eastlick from the Revolutionary War veteran Alexander Eastlick, to clear up the questions that have come up in recent years. I am intimately acquainted with these Eastlick lines, as I have been an Eastlick researcher for many years. From 1997 until 2007 I published a quarterly newsletter titled “Eastlick Roots and Branches,” which put me in contact with many Eastlick (Easlick, Eastlake, Eslick, etc.) families and researchers around the U.S. and beyond, including descendants of both the William Eastlicks in question.

The confusion stems from the fact that there were two men named William Eastlick who lived in close proximity to each other around the same time period:

The older William Eastlick was born about 1766 in New   Jersey. He married Phebe ____ and started a family in New Jersey. They moved to Steuben County, NY around 1804-05 and lived there until they moved to Crawford County, PA in 1837 (from census records, deeds and county tax records). William died in 1839 and his widow Phebe in 1856. This William is a nephew, cousin or possibly even a younger brother of Revolutionary War veteran Alexander Eastlick. I will call him “Crawford Co PA William.”

The younger William Eastlick was born in 1787 and moved with his parents, Alexander and Elizabeth Eastlick to SteubenCountyNY as a young man. He married his first wife, name unknown, about 1808 and they had the following children: Phebe, Hannah, Anna, Alexander, Mary, Elizabeth, Lorinda, and Amanda. He moved his family to Mercer County, PA around 1825. William’s first wife died or they divorced. His second wife was Jane McDonald, with whom he had the following children: Sanderson, Alfred, Sarah Jane, Rosannah, Mary Ann, William, Benjamin J., Caroline M., and Joseph. They moved from Mercer Co PA to LaGrange Co IN around 1833, where William and Jane lived out their lives (from census records, probate records and family documents). I will call him “LaGrange Co IN William.”

My line of descent from Alexander Eastlick is through his son Jacob, brother of “LaGrange Co IN William.” I will be happy to supply you with documentation proving my descent from Jacob if needed. Here I will offer documents that prove my Jacob’s relationship to “LaGrange Co IN William,” and the brothers’ descent from Alexander Eastlick of Steuben Co NY. Also given are several references to William Eastlick and Jane McDonald as husband and wife.

Enclosed find the following documents showing that the son of Alexander Eastlick, Revolutionary War patriot, was William Eastlick of LaGrangeCountyIN and not William Eastlick of Crawford Co PA:

  • Will (and transcript of same) of Alexander Eastlick, written 26 February 1819, Steuben Co NY. In it, he named his wife Elizabeth and children John, William, Fanny, Betsey and Jacob. Some people speculate that Alexander may have sired the older William by a previous marriage, but if so, 1) why would he name two sons William and 2) if there WERE two sons named William, why weren’t they both named in his will?
  • Deed of 21 March 1822, Steuben Co NY. Alexander’s widow Elizabeth      sold their land in Steuben Co NY before she moved to Trumbull Co, OH. The deed names son John Eastlick and his wife Elizabeth as well as son Jacob Eastlick and wife Hannah. Unfortunately it does not name son William and wife—if it had, that would have given us the name of William’s first wife, and would have proven this was not the older William Eastlick, married to Phebe. The deed also does not name daughters Fanny (Frances) nor Betsey (Elizabeth) and their husbands.
  • Alexander Eastlick’s pension application file. These documents are on file at the National Archives, also available on [now]. They contain a record of his service out of NJ, but no genealogical information other than his birthdate and his wife Elizabeth’s name and age.
  • Family Bible record of William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN. Shows all seventeen children by two wives.
  • Margaret McDonald letters of Administration, Mercer Co, PA, 13 January 1884. This document outlines the relationship of William Eastlick and second wife Jane McDonald (sister of the deceased Margaret McDonald), as well as William’s eldest son Alexander Eastlick, who married Nancy McDonald, sister of Margaret and Jane. In other words, Alexander married a younger sister of his step-mother. The list of heirs includes only Jane’s children and not those of William’s first marriage.
  • LaGrange Co IN document from “Sole Heirs and Decedents” book 2, listing surviving heirs of William Eastlick after his death in 1862 and of Jane Eastlick after her death in 1878. Her list only includes her children and not those of William’s first marriage.
  • Rogers Cemetery record, LaGrange Co IN, with William and Jane Eastlick family burials. Their old original headstone was replaced in recent years by the late Earl James, direct descendant of William Eastlick, who holds SAR membership through Alexander Eastlick’s service. I should say that the old stone is still standing, but a newer stone was added as the old one had weathered almost beyond readability.
  • April 1882, Partition of Land of William and Jane Eastlick, LaGrange Co IN, listing heirs of William Eastlick.
  • LaGrange Co IN map showing Eastlick land.
  • Two letters (and transcripts of same) from A. B. Eastlick to my mother, Frances (Eastlick) Lewis, in the 1950s. A. B. was Albert Benjamin Eastlick, son of Benjamin J. Eastlick and grandson of William Eastlick of LaGrange Co IN. The cousins who visited his family in Indiana were my ancestors, Lafayette Eastlick (son of Jacob) and family, who were involved in hydraulic gold-mining in Siskiyou County, CA. These letters establish      the relationship between descendants of the two brothers, Jacob and      William, sons of Alexander Eastlick. No such relationship continued with the “Crawford Co PA William” family that we know of, as they were more distant relatives. I also am in possession of Cassie Eastlick’s autograph book (daughter of Lafayette Eastlick), which contains signatures of friends and relatives acquired on their trip back east in 1886 when A. B. was about 8 years old and Cassie was about 14 years old.
  • “A Bit About Our New Jersey Roots” from my newsletter, Eastlick Roots and Branches, January 2003, details some of the Eastlick lines out of New Jersey that we have researched.
  • “Two Different Revolutionary War Era Alexanders” from April 1999 newsletter.
  • Deed transcript of 20 May 1845, Crawford Co PA. Heirs of “Crawford Co PA William” sold his land after William’s death in 1839. This William is not the son of Alexander Eastlick. We are still searching for the connection between this family and our line. There is certainly some connection because of the name and close proximity in New Jersey and New York. As stated above, we believe this William is a nephew, cousin, or younger brother of Alexander Eastlick.
  • Church records from the minutes of the First and Second Baptist Church of Reading, Steuben CoNY. The first set is from 1811 to 1822, mentioning Alexander and Elizabeth Eastlick, the second set is from 1833 to 1837, mentioning John and Margaret Eastlick (John is a son of “Crawford Co PA William”).
  • Chart: Descendants of Alexander Eastlick. All three of his sons (John, William and Jacob) named their first-born sons Alexander.
  • Chart: Descendants of William Easlick (Eastlick). None of his three sons were named Alexander. I realize this is not absolute proof that he is not the son of Alexander Eastlick, but because of traditional naming patterns, it points toward a father likely named Cornelius or John.

One of the most compelling arguments about which line is directly descended from Alexander Eastlick is that of family migration patterns. Alexander’s widow Elizabeth and family left the Steuben Co NY area within a year or so after his death, moving to Trumbull Co OH in 1822. Alexander’s son William and family moved to LaGrange Co IN. My ancestors, Jacob and family moved first to Trumbull Co OH with brother John, then to LaGrange Co IN with brother William before settling in Bureau Co IL. The older William and family, however, remained in Steuben Co NY for some 15 years before settling in Crawford Co PA. Families tended to migrate together, so this is another point that “Crawford Co PA William” is not the son of Alexander.

I earnestly hope you will examine these letters and documents and let me know if there is any other sort of proof I can offer to show that “LaGrange Co IN William” is the son of Alexander Eastlick, Revolutionary War patriot. As you know, genealogical research is made up of gathering documents that illustrate a paper trail, hoping to shine a light on the lives of our ancestors. I know that “LaGrange Co IN William” is the brother of my great-great-great grandfather Jacob Eastlick. I just hope that the evidence I have supplied will lead to you the same conclusion. I would dearly love to see the record set straight.

Thank you for your time,

Leslie Lewis
1009 Tyler Street
Port Townsend, WA 98368

Posted in Easlick, Eastlick | Comments Off on Which William Eastlick was the son of Alexander Eastlick of Steuben County, New York?

Cassie Eastlick’s Autograph Album

Cassie (Eastlick) Quigley (1872-1964) was the youngest sister of my great-grandfather Willard Eastlick. Their parents, Lafayette and Sarah (Preston) Eastlick had married in Bureau County, Illinois and started a family there. In 1863 they moved west with their first two children, Willard and Fannie (Frances). Their next three children were born in California: Lenna, Edrick and Cassie, the youngest. All five of the Eastlick siblings grew to adulthood, married, and had children of their own. Cassie married Frank Quigley and together they had three daughters, Hazel, Frances and Ethel. All three of the daughters married, but there were no grandchildren that survived.

In March of 1883, when Cassie was almost eleven years old, her cousin Wellington B. Eastlick gave her a gift of a small autograph album with blank pages to be filled with the signatures and remarks of friends and relatives. If you glance through the pages of the album you can see the names and autographs of many Eastlick cousins, and its historical value begins to emerge. The poetry is sometimes silly, sometimes sincere, sometimes touching, but the idea that this little book was held and signed by so many of our relatives is awesome. As I transcribed names and dates and places contained on those pages, I could piece together a time-line of travels by Cassie and her family back to Illinois and Iowa to visit relatives in October and November of 1886.

Here is a list of the people who signed Cassie’s album, with dates and locations where given. Maybe you can find one of your ancestors!


Arranged chronologically by date of signatures

 NAME           [BIRTH-DEATH]       DATE SIGNED        LOCATION        RELATIONSHIP       

Wellington B. Eastlick [1850-1923], 3 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, 1st cousin, s/o Edward B. Eastlick

Fannie Butler [Frances (Eastlick) Butler, 1862-1948], 3 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, sister

G. D. Butler [George Butler, 1850-1910], 4 March 1883, bro-in-law

Lenna Eastlick [1865-1954], 4 March 1883, Oro Fino CA, sister

Willard Eastlick [1859-1946], 5 March 1883, brother

Edrick Eastlick [1868-1948], 5 March 1883, brother

Philip, 8 May 1883                                          

Aunt Abbie [Abigail (Vaughan) Eastlick, 1853-1933], 5 June 1883, aunt, w/o Mahlon D. Eastlick

Hattie Vaughan, 5 June 1883, Oro Fino CA    

M. D. E. [Mahlon Eastlick, 1832-1908], 11 June 188?, Seattle, W. T., uncle

Fannie Wilson, 20 Oct 1883, Oro Fino CA    

John Edward Eastlick [1869-1917], 15 Feb 1884, 1st cousin, s/o William Wallace Eastlick

Grant Lewis [1870-1960], 28 Feb 1884                                         

Mary O. Eastlick [Mary Ozella Eastlick, 1866-1890, Mrs. John Pitz], 1st cousin, d/o William Wallace Eastlick

John Pitz [1860-1899, who married Cassie’s 1st cousin, Mary O. Eastlick in 1884]

Lodemia Sampson [1870-1897], 14 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA    

[Lodemia married Frank Quigley in 1892. After her death, Frank married Cassie Eastlick, in 1903]

Gay Conner [1872-1933], 15 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA, sister of Willard Eastlick’s wife Creet     

Mary E. Starr [1872-1952], 15 Jan 1885, Oro Fino CA, later married to Hiram Whipple, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Emma Smith, 15 Jan 1885, Independent Flat, Sisk. Co

Mattie Sampson [b. 1872, sister of Lodemia Sampson], 16 Jan 1886, Oro Fino CA    

Cassie Eastlick [1872-1964], 6 March 1886, Oro Fino CA    

J. Herbert Lette, 12 Oct 1886, Webster City, Wright County, IA      

J. D. Floyd, 12 Oct 1886, Eagle Grove, Wright County, IA

May Delany, 12 Oct 1886, Eagle Grove, Wright County, IA

J. D. Stryker [Jeremiah D. Stryker, 1849-1918], Woolstock, Wright County, IA, 2nd cousin, grandson of Frances [Eastlick] Stryker

Helen E. Whipple [Helen (Eastlick) Whipple, 1830-1909], Walnut, Bureau County, IL, aunt, sister of Cassie’s father

M. G. Whipple [Michael Grant Whipple, 1863-1949], 17 Oct 1886, Walnut, Bureau County, IL, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

D. W. Whipple [David Wilson Whipple, 1861-1937], 24 Oct 1886, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Jefferson D. Whipple [1863-1949], 1 Nov 1886, New Bedford IL, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Lottie Whipple [Charlotte Whipple, 1870-1940], 1 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Lafayett Whipple [1864-1936], New Bedford, Illinois, 1st cousin, s/o Cordelia (Eastlick) Whipple

Frank Angle [b. ca. 1875], New Bedford, IL, 1st cousin, once removed [s/o Sarah (Sells) Angle, grandson of Mary Ann (Eastlick) Sells]

Grant Whipple [Michael Grant Whipple, 1863-1949], 21 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Liss Bowen [Melissa (Whipple) Bowen, 1856-1893], 21 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Mary Whipple [Mary Ann Whipple, 1861-1898], 21 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, 1st cousin, d/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Carrie Maxfield, 21 Nov 1886, Prophetstown, IL                      

Harvey M. Preston [1845-1931], 22 Nov 1886, Walnut, Bureau Co, IL, uncle, b/o Cassie’s mother, Sarah (Preston) Eastlick

Martha Preston [Martha [Bowen] Preston, ca. 1850-1911], 22 Nov 1886, aunt, w/o Harvey Preston

Alberta Preston [b. ca. 1874], 22 Nov 1886, 1st cousin, d/o Harvey Preston

Luretta Rose [Luretta J. “Ettie” (Eastlick) Rose, b. 1858], 1st cousin, d/o Sylvester Eastlick

Etta Stryker [probably Marietta Stryker, b. ca. 1864], 1st cousin, once-removed, [d/o William Stryker, granddaughter of Frances (Eastlick) Stryker]

E. P. Eastlick, 23 July 1889, brother

Grace Wilcox [Belvena Grace Wilcox, 1874-1935], 1st cousin once-removed, granddaughter of Edward B. Eastlick [Grace married Cassie’s brother Edrick P. Eastlick in 1899]

J. S. Whipple [James S. Whipple, 1870-1890], 1890, 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

J. F. Whipple [John Franklin Whipple, 1867-1931], 1st cousin, s/o Helen (Eastlick) Whipple

Mattie Eastlick [Martha Ann (Cox) Eastlick, 1864-1949], 6 Sept, Cloverdale, CA, w/o 1st cousin Almond D. Eastlick, s/o Edward B. Eastlick

Della Bowen [1877-1902], 1st cousin, once-removed [d/o Melissa (Whipple) Bowen, granddaughter of Helen (Eastlick) Whipple. Della married William Wescoat, son of Phebe (Dutcher) Eastlick Wescoat]

Alice Hall [Alice (Eastlick) Hall, b. 1854], 1st cousin, d/o Sylvester Eastlick

Norah Butler [1884-1971], niece, d/o Frances (Eastlick) Butler


Posted in Conner, Eastlick, Preston, Stryker, Whipple | Comments Off on Cassie Eastlick’s Autograph Album

Starkweather Family Bible

Over the Christmas holiday, a message arrived through, announcing that an old Starkweather family Bible was being offered for sale on eBay. The writer explained that his hobby is matching up auction listings with people who have those same family names in their online trees, who might not otherwise know of the sale. He does not have a financial stake in the listings, only an interest in finding homes for these genealogical treasures. Not only did he notify potential relatives, he also saved the listing photos of the Bible and even took the time to transcribe all the birth, marriage and death records he could read from those same photos. 

The Bible was published in 1826 and had belonged to William and Abigail (Post) Starkweather of Herkimer County, New York. William was a son of Asher and Olive (Preston) Starkweather. Asher was a brother of my ancestor, Anna (Starkweather) Parrish. 

I couldn’t resist!! I had to buy it. It was a rather impulsive decision, but I couldn’t stand to see this family treasure slip away.

Of course I was and am very grateful to the man who alerted me to the sale, thereby committing an act of genealogical kindness, and told him so. It gave him great pleasure to know the Bible ended up in a Starkweather family, and that I was so excited about it!

Look for Starkweather family Bible photos soon on my “Lewis/Eastlick Family Tree” on

Starkweather Bible

Starkweather Bible records

Posted in Starkweather | Comments Off on Starkweather Family Bible

History Book References to our Otto Family, and some obituaries

An Illustrated History of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Civil, Political, and Military, from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Including Historical Descriptions of Each County in the State, Their Towns, and Industrial Resources, By William H. Egle, M.D., M.A., Member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Second Edition, Revised and Corrected. Philadelphia; E.M. Gardner, 1880.

M’Kean County, by William K. King, Ceres, pages 923-930:

M’Kean county was separated from Lycoming county by the act of 26th of March, 1804. It was named in honor of Governor Thomas M’Kean, who at that period filled the executive chair. Previous to 1814 the county was for a time attached to Centre county, and the records were kept at Bellefonte. In that year M’Kean was attached to Lycoming for judicial and elective purposes. The counties of M’Kean and Potter were as formerly united, having one treasurer, one board of commissioners, and one of auditors. The commissioners held their meetings at the house of Benjamin Burt, on the Allegheny river, and a little east of the county line. In 1826 M’Kean county was organized for judicial purposes, and the first court was held in Smethport, in September of that year. The same year a substantial brick court house was erected.

M’Kean county is situated on the northern border of the State, being the third county east from the west line thereof. It has a length on the State line of nearly forty miles, and a depth of about twenty-five miles, containing about one thousand square miles, or six hundred and forty thousand acres. It may be considered an elevated table, broken by numerous streams which have formed in many places valleys of considerable width. The principal streams are…

…There are three boroughs, Smethport, Kane, and Bradford.

About the end of the last century a company of gentlemen, headed by John Keating, Esq., of Philadelphia, made an extensive purchase of wild lands in what are now M’Kean, Potter, Cameron, Clinton, and Clearfield counties. Francis King, an Englishman, member of the Society of Friends, then but recently from the city of London, was employed by the said company to examine different bodies of lands in this portion of the State, and spent nearly the whole of two summers in exploring the country, making careful and minute memoranda of the surface of the country, character of the soil, timber, rocks, streams, and natural routes for thoroughfares. Upon his report the selections were made, and the purchase consummated. In the spring of 1798, Mr. King left Philadelphia with a party of workmen; they proceeded to the upper settlement upon the West Branch of the Susquehanna river, in the vicinity of Jersey Shore. There they loaded their canoes, and taking their horses sometimes in the channel of the river, and sometimes upon the banks, they pushed their canoes to the mouth of the Driftwood branch, and then up it to what is now Emporium. Here, on account of the smallness of the stream, they abandoned their canoes, and loading their tools and provisions upon their horses, they started in a northerly direction. Passing up a small tributary of the Driftwood, and down a branch of the Allegheny, they cut a bridle path through the forest very nearly over the ground now traversed by the Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia railroad from Emporium to Port Allegheny. This place was for many years known as the Canoe Place. At the latter place they halted, and having constructed more canoes from the trunks of the white pine, then abundant all along the valley of the Upper Allegheny, they loaded their baggage into them, and proceeded down the river to the mouth of the Oswaya, and up that stream about four miles, where they located, calling the place Ceres; built houses, cleared land, and commenced opening communications with other settlements. It was found that a small settlement had been commenced on the head-waters of a tributary of the Genesee river, and distant only fifty miles. This was the nearest white settlement in any direction. It was situated near the present village of Andover, on the New York and Erie railroad, and was known as Dike’s settlement. A sort of road was soon opened between the two points, and also between Ceres and the Canoe Place, and between Ceres and the settlements on Pine creek, distant nearly one hundred miles….

….About this time the territory of Ohio became in the minds of the people of the Atlantic States the earthly paradise, and the restless and discontented, as well as the enterprising and ambitious, strained every nerve to reach it. In 1804 a road was opened through the State of New York, from the east to the Allegheny river at Olean, then and for many years called Hamilton, a point only ten miles distant from the Ceres settlement; and immediately a current of emigration was pouring over this route that would be astonishing even at the present day. At Olean, boats, skiffs, canoes, and rafts were constructed, and the emigrants were floated down the streams to the country which was the Eden of their dreams….

In the year 1810 six families from the state of New York, following up the Allegheny from Olean to the mouth of Potato creek, and up that stream some five or six miles, located themselves in the neighborhood now known as Farmer’s Valley. Among them were three brothers, named Joseph, George, and Matthias Otto, whose descendants still reside in that neighborhood. George and Matthias both died many years ago. Joseph lived to be very old, and was one of the prominent men of the county. He held at different terms most of the county offices.”

A Pioneer Outline History of Northwestern Pennsylvania, by W. J. McKnight, 1905

Page 570, “The first commissioners were Rensselaer Wright and Jonathan Colegrove, for McKean, and John Taggart, for Potter County; Joseph Otto, treasurer.”

Page 573, “The first settlers of this county suffered great inconveniences; so much greater than those of the present day that there is scarce a comparison. They found here a dense wilderness, without a road, or an inhabitant, save the beasts of the forest, some of which were of a very ferocious character, while others served as a slender support to those who practiced hunting. The first settlement of which I have a correct account was made by six families from the State of New York, who came on about the same time, and located on Potato Creek, from three to seven miles north of Smethport, in 1810. They had great difficulty in getting to their new homes, having to bring their families and goods up the stream in canoes. There was no settlement within many miles of them; and they were even obliged for a time to bring their provisions in by canoes or on pack-horses. All kinds of eatables were very dear, even at the nearest settlements. This settlement suffered many privations; but those settlers are now well compensated, for they are the owners of flourishing farms, and are themselves in a prosperous condition. It is usually known by the name of the lower settlement.”

Page 577, “The pioneer court held in McKean County was presided over by Hon. Edward Herrick, on September 25, 1826. The Associates were Joseph Otto and Joel Bishop. The court was held in the court-house, which had been completed. The jail was in process of erection at that time, and was completed soon after. Up to that time the courts of McKean County had been held in Coudersport, Potter County.”

History of the Counties of McKean, Elk, Cameron and Potter, PA, with Biographical Selections, 1890

Page 98, from notes in possession of Henry Hamlin, son of Orlo J. Hamlin:

“1810, Keating township (Farmers Valley), settled by Joseph and George Otto, the Stulls and others from Northampton county, Penn., six families.”

Page 106, “In 1816… in April Joseph Otto was appointed, vice Stanton, and in October he was elected with Nathan B. Palmer.”

“In January, 1818…Isaac Lyman, commissioner, vice Otto… John Taggart was appointed commissioner, vice Palmer….”

“In 1819 Rensselaer Wright was elected commissioner; Joseph Otto was appointed clerk, but did not qualify, leaving the office to Merrick.”

Page 107, “On May 31, 1827, the mason work on county buildings was accepted, and August 4 an order for $3,000 was given to the contractor, Solomon Sartwell, Jr. During this year deeds to a number of lots round the public square were sanctioned by the commissioners, White and Otto, they being the active members of the board. In November, that year, William Bell qualified, and in November, 1828, Messrs. Otto, Bell and Gallup formed the board.”

Page 112, “The first court of McKean county was held at Smethport, September 25, 1826. Edward Herrick presided, with Joseph Otto and Joel Bishop associate judges.”

Page 113, “In February, 1830, Judges Otto* and Bishop* were present”  *=deceased

“The May term of 1836 was held before Judges Otto and Bishop.”

Page 151, “Joseph Otto taught the second school in the county at his house. It was an eleemosynary institution, suggested by the ignorance and wants of the times, and, like the age, very primitive.”

Page 153, “James V. Otto, Buffalo, 1878” registered in 1881, on the list of “medical men who have registered in McKean county from 1881 to 1889, inclusive.”

Page 253, “The Stulls and Ottos, to whom references are made in other chapters, must also be counted among the pioneers, while the Williamses, Youngs, Crows, Hamlins and fifty other families of whom mention is made in this volume, are connected with the beginnings of the progressive period.”

Page 254, “The resident tax-payers of Keating township in 1836-37 were… Nicholas Baker, C. D. Calkins (now at Smethport), Ghordis Corwin (who owned the grist- and saw-mill), Daniel and David Cornelius,… Thomas Curtis…Nathan Folsom…Jared and Jonathan Ketchum….Dr. William Otto, James, John, Jemima  and Charity Otto, W. D. Owen (merchant), Joseph Otto (saw-mill owner), W. S. Oviatt, Silas D. and Lewis Otto, … Asa Sartwell (fulling and saw-mill owner), Joel Sartwell (now of Cedar Rapids, Iowa), John Smith, Jesse Spencer… Sol. Sartwell, Jr., Sartwell & Arnold (traders), Sol. Sartwell, …Stephen Young, Hiram Spencer… Abner Lull, the assessor, recommended Jared Ketchum and Ghordis Corwin for collectors.”

Page 257, “Farmers Valley, Coryville and Frisbee may be called synonymous terms. They all form a part of the old settlement of Farmers Valley, of which so much is written in the general history as well as in this chapter. In 1812 Francis King surveyed the fifty-acre tracts donated by John Keating for the following named settlers in Farmers Valley: George, Joseph and Matthias Otto, Robert Gilbert, Jonathan Moore, Zachariah, Thomas and William Ashley.”

Page 258, “Joseph Otto came from Mifflin county, Penn., early in 1810, and settled two and one-half miles below Smethport with his young wife. The trip hither from Angelica was through sixty miles of wilderness without one inhabitant, and from the effects of such a journey he fell sick soon after settlement, and he and his wife were almost on the point of starving when he became strong enough to hunt.”

Page 289, J. V. Otto, president of the Star Hose Company No. 1.

Page 293, J. V. Otto listed as an original member of The Knights of Honor Lodge.

Page 295, W. J. Davis active in the McKean County Agricultural Society.

Page 526, “S. C. Sartwell, proprietor of the Sartwell House, Port Allegany, is a son of Joel and Elizabeth (Otto) Sartwell, and was born at Farmers Valley, McKean Co., Penn., in 1840. Solomon Sartwell, his grandfather, who was a native of New Hampshire, where he married, removed to McKean county, Penn., at a very early time, and located at Farmers Valley, where both he and his wife resided until their decease. Joel, son of Solomon, and father of S. C. Sartwell, was also a native of New Hampshire, and removed with his parents to Farmers Valley, where he married Miss Elizabeth Otto, after which they located at Farmers Valley, where he was engaged in the lumber trade, and where they raised a family of ten children, of whom but six are known to be living: Helen (who married the Hon. W. J. Davis), Joseph, Sylvia (now Mrs. J. L. Behn), S. C., Henry and Lucy (now Mrs. Dean Cheadle). Wilbur, who was born before these, went to California in 1857, and is probably deceased, as no tidings have been received from him. S. C. Sartwell was reared and educated in McKean county, and in 1865 married Rose Thomson, after which they located at Portville, where he was engaged in business. He afterward purchased a farm near Port Allegany, which he sold in 1874, and then removed into the borough where he became the owner and proprietor of the Sartwell House, a hostelry noted for the excellency of its management, and which has the exclusive patronage of the traveling public. Mr. and Mrs. Sartwell have two children living, Grace and Stephen (twins); two children, Willett and Winifred, are deceased. Mr. Sartwell is a member of the Democratic party, and one of the able and representative citizens of Port Allegany.”

History of the counties of McKean, Elk, and Forest, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Selections, J. H. Beers & Co., 1890

Haven’t studied this one yet… appears to duplicate the previous Beers collection.

Historical Gazetteer and Biographical Memorial of Cattaraugus County, NY, 1893

Page 1139, “Howard Otto is a son of Silas P. Otto and a grandson of Joseph Otto, of Farmer’s Valley, Pa. Silas P., a general wood worker and painter, came to Ischua in 1835 and married Hannah Stickland, of Lyndon; children: Sartwell, Joseph, Emma, Amelia, and Howard. The latter was born in 1847 and when sixteen enlisted in Co. K, 22d N. Y. Cav., serving in the Shenandoah valley. He was in the battles from Winchester to Cedar Creek, was on the left of the turnpike helping to stop stragglers when General Sheridan arrived there the day of his famous ride, was in the fight at Waynesborough, when the Second Brigade captured 1,300 rebels, and saw General Sheridan throw his arms around Custer in admiration of his splendid work. He was discharged in Aug., 1865. In 1870 he married Rose, daughter of Daniel Emery, of Belfast, N. Y. Children: Burna and Jessie. Mr. Otto came to Abbott’s in 1877, where he has been a merchant since 1880 and postmaster since 1888.”

The Descendants of James Brown 1716-1922, by John Jordan Brown, 1922

Page 11-12, James Brown

Page 15-21, John Brown, Sr.

Page 22-23, John Brown military records

Page 150-155, Mary Brown Otto family:

Mary Brown Otto, daughter of John and Mary Brugler Brown.

Mary and her sister Elizabeth were twins. They were born March 30, 1782. When Mary was eleven years old her mother died. There were three younger children in the family needing a mother’s care. Their father provided a step mother thirteen months after the death of his wife, Mary.  He married Mrs. Margaret Haines. She was the widow of Henry Haines, who was one of the wealthy men of the vicinity. Mrs. Haines had brought up in her home her sister’s daughter, Dorothy Nice. She took Dorothy with her to the Brown home. Mrs. Haines was an exemplary stepmother. No criticism is mentioned concerning her.

When Mary was fifteen years old the family moved to Columbia County, Pennsylvania.

Some four years after the family had settled in their new home, a young man by the name of Joseph Otto came into the community. He was a native of the state of New York. For that day a man of education. Joseph met Mary Brown. An acquaintance resulted, which ripened into romance. It is possible that the judgment of Mary and her family on this subject were not in accord. The facilities for obtaining information concerning the suitor were meager. Their knowledge of the young man, his worth, and his antecedents was limited to what he said, and what they saw. That was a practical age. As is usual in such cases the lovers had their way. They were married in 1802.

 The efforts of Mary’s friends in performing their duty to safeguard her welfare, resulted in some unhappiness. The father-in-law located them on one of his farms adjoining the homestead. Mrs. Otto’s daughter Ellen, in a letter said that, “she married a then poor man, and I suppose one who did not please the family.”

Mr. Otto was dissatisfied. There were no ties binding him here. He formed other plans.

In 1809 he visited McKean County, Pennsylvania. There he purchased land. During the fall of that year, he went on the ground, cleared some land, built a log house, and then went to his father’s home in the state of New York.

The next year he took his family through the wilderness to the McKean County home. It was in the heart of a virgin forest. Four years later she returned to her father’s home on a visit. Her brother-in-law came with her. Their journey took them seventy miles through a primitive forest. There was but one habitation on the way. Here they stayed during the night. Upon the return to her home in McKean County, she was accompanied by one of her nephews. Her father went to see her once in her new home.

In a letter to the author, Miss Ellen Otto, one of Mary Brown Otto’s daughters said that she never heard her mother say aught, that had the least tinge of unkindly feeling against her relatives. She also said that she always seemed sad at the mention of her old home. The family refrained from speaking on this subject. She was true to the principles of the Brown clan. However much they differed in opinions, the family love and loyalty predominated.

In one of her letters to the writer, Miss Ellen, her daughter said, a writer speaking of her mother, said that she was a remarkable woman. That by her dignity and ladylike deportment, she always commanded the notice of strangers. She also said in a letter to the writer, that when strangers looked at her likeness, they would say, “that is a picture of a lady.”

In one of her letters, Miss Ellen also said that her mother was the favorite daughter of her father, John Brown. She enjoyed his confidence in all things. She always carried his private keys, notwithstanding the presence of a stepmother and her adopted daughter.

Her father remembered her very substantially when he came to write his will. A copy of this document can be found in the appendix of this volume. Some one has said that there is a Divinity that shapes our ends rough, hew them as we may.

Mary Brown Otto died April 29, 1862. She bore her mother’s name, Mary.

HON. JOSEPH OTTO, married Mary, daughter of John and Mary Brown.

Hon. Joseph Otto was a native of the state of New York. His father was a man of means, but lost his property during the war of the American Revolution. The children were thrown upon their own resources.

Joseph came to Pennsylvania. He married Mary, the daughter of John Brown a prominent business man of Columbia County, Pa., in 1802. Mr. and Mrs. Otto lived on what afterwards became the farm of Matthew Brown. Their daughter Ellen said that the farm was not very productive. That the price of other lands was prohibitive. In 1810 they moved to McKean County, Pa. Here was a better field for his abilities. In 1813 he became the first Justice of the Peace in McKean County. In 1818 he was appointed the treasurer of McKean and Potter counties. He was the first Associate Judge of McKean County. He held this office sixteen years. During his entire life of usefulness he was prominent in the public business of his county. As its treasurer he made annual trips to Philadelphia on horse back on business pertaining to his treasurer’s office.

On one of these journeys he visited his father-in-law, John Brown, in Columbia County. Mr. Brown was on his death bed. Miss Ellen Otto said that Mr. Brown seemed desirous to speak to him about family matters. But uncle Henry Bowman, who had charge of him, then entered the room, and immediately the conversation closed. Miss Ellen further said that he was not allowed to hold any further conversation with Mr. Otto.

Miss Ellen Otto further wrote that her father came to their country with but little means. A year’s sickness followed soon after his coming. This made matters worse. But that in due time he amassed considerable property. In the meanwhile he spent much time and money in developing the new country. She further said that no man ever asked for his influence, or money, in vain. This generosity and faith in humanity resulted in his financial undoing.

The children of Joseph O. and Mary Brown Otto were:

Elizabeth O. Sartwell. Lived at Marion, Ohio (sic).

Albert G. Otto, deceased.

Loretta B. O. Lelland, a widow. Of McKean County.

Silas P. of Catt, N.Y.

J. Amelia. Married Mr. Ketchum.

Desdamonia, deceased.

Mrs. A. O. Curtis. Lives at Smethport, Pa.

J. Celia. Married Mr. O. Day. Farmers Valley, Pa.

A. Jackson Otto, of Olean, N.Y.

Miss L. Caroline Otto, Farmers Valley, Pa.

Miss Ellen Otto, of Farmers Valley, Pa.”

(goes on to expand upon each of the childrens’ families)


Obituary of Joseph Otto, M’Kean County Miner, January 1869 edition:

DIED — In Farmers’ Valley, Dec. 22, 1868, Hon. Joseph Otto, in the 91st year of his age.

Mr. Otto is the last of the Pioneers or first settlers of M’Kean county. He came into this country in 1810, then an unbroken wilderness, and the next year with five others moved in with their families and located themselves where Farmers’ Valley now is, their nearest neighbors being 25 miles distant, through a dense forest without even a path. While others became discouraged and left the country he remained, being determined to sustain the settlement—make himself a home and grow up with the country; and for many years he endured all the privations and hardships of a pioneer life.

When the county became sufficiently populated it was organized, and County courts having been established, Mr. Otto was appointed an Associate Judge, which position with many others of responsibility, he filled with honor and credit to himself, enjoying the respect and confidence of a large circle of friends and acquaintances, and leading for many years before his death an exemplary Christian life.


Obituary of Mary Ann (Otto) Curtis

The McKean Democrat, Smethport, McKean County, Pennsylvania, Feb. 10, 1916

Mrs. S. G. Curtis Passes to Her Reward

Mrs. S. G. Curtis died at the McKean county home, Wednesday evening, February 2nd, 1916, in the 99th year of her age.

Mary A. Otto was born in Keating township on what is now known as the Martin farm, Aug. 29, 1817. She was a daughter of Hon. Joseph and Mary Brown Otto, and was the last of a large family. On February 26th, 1837, she was united in marriage to Stephen G. Curtis, who died Nov. 25th, 1895.

Hon. and Mrs. Joseph Otto were among the first settlers in this part of the country, having come here in 1809. Mr. Otto built the first frame house, taught the first school and held the first office in this county. He was at one time county treasurer, and made many trips to Philadelphia on horseback to transact business. He was the first Judge of this county, which office he held for sixteen consecutive years. Mrs. Curtis’ grandfather, on her mother’s side, was an eminent German geologist who came to this country in search of plant specimens for the German government, and who decided to make his permanent home in this country. Mrs. Curtis was a devoted Christian, a member of the Methodist church for many years and in her younger days was very active in church work. It has been said of her that she showed a true Christian spirit in trying to do all in her power to make other happy and aid in times of sorrow and trouble. She had a [fine] education and spent much time in her last years reading and writing, preparing many articles for publication. She had many friends who did much to brighten her pathway in her last days, by their kind and loving attentions, by visits which helped to pass away many a lonely hour and sending many tokens of love and esteem.

Mrs. Curtis is survived by six grandchildren, Leon, Lucy, Emma and Roy Curtis, of Keating township, Mrs. N. F. Adams and Elmer B. Curtis, and five great-grandchildren, of Cleveland, Ohio. Also her nieces, Mrs. Jane D. Young, of Smethport; Mrs. John L. Oviatt, of Farmers Valley; Mrs. B. F. Cory, of Coryville; Mrs. Ralph Lewis, of Burton, Neb.; Mrs. Lucy Cheadle, of Marion, Iowa, and nephews, Dr. D. B. Day, of New Jersey; Chas. A. Otto, Walsenberg, Col.; Leslie Otto, Santa Fe, N. M.; Sartwell Otto, South Park, Seattle, Wash., besides numerous other relatives.

The funeral was held Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock at the Methodist church, Res. J. S. Fleming officiating, and interment was made in the Smith cemetery, near Farmers Valley, Rev. W. D. Full[er] conducting the services at the grave.


As per our request, a grandson of Mrs. Curtis, Leon Curtis, of Keating township, furnished the DEMOCRAT with the above obituary notice of our old friend who has just been taken from us. The article is so complete that we publish it as it came to us as it would have been difficult for us to have improved on it, but we will add a few words to express our own thoughts on one whom we had well known for upwards of 25 years, and in times gone by had furnished the DEMOCRAT with many very interesting communications of the early history of the county in which she had spent her entire of nearly one hundred years. Mrs. Curtis was always a very warm friend of both the writer of this, and a staunch admirer of the DEMOCRAT for years, and for that reason we always held this grand old lady in the very highest esteem, and whenever we visited the County Home we always made it a point to call on this true and steadfast friend, who always accorded us a hearty welcome on our visits. The last time that we saw Mrs. Curtis was last October, at that time she was lying in her bed, where she spent much of her latter years, reading her bible, which she found to be a great consolation to her during her latter days. With a sweet smile on her pleasant countenance she warmly grasped our hand and told us how glad she was to see us again, as we had not seen her before in several years. The writer knew Mrs. Curtis well enough to know that if there was ever a true Christian character on the face of the earth that she was certainly one without guile. For about 23 years she had been an inmate of the Home, where her aged husband passed to his reward a short time after they had entered that institution, but this beautiful character always retained a cheery disposition up until the very last. Never during her long stay at the Home has the writer heard one complaint from the several superintendents of that institution that Mrs. Curtis ever gave them the least bit of trouble, and for that reason she was always held in the very highest regard by all who were connected with that institution, and for that reason she was loved by all who came in contact with her, and now that she has passed to her reward Grandma Curtis will be missed by all who enjoyed her acquaintance.

The funeral, which was held Saturday afternoon at the Methodist church in this borough, which the deceased was a devoted member for many years, was, considering the disagreeable weather, well attended by relatives and friends, and the pastor, Rev. Fleming’s remarks were most beautiful and appropriate to the occasion.

The writer who has lost a true and devoted friend, joins in extending his sympathy to the sorrowing relatives in the loss of one of the noblest characters that has been taken from us in a long time. May her spirit find that peace which she had so longed for in the closing years of her life.


 Obituary of Stephen G. Curtis

The McKean Democrat, Smethport, M’Kean County, Penna., Friday, November 29, 1895

(Pg 3, column 5)

Death of Stephen G. Curtis

Stephen G. Curtis died in Keating township on Monday last, aged 85 years.

Mr. Curtis was born at Granville, Washington county, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1810, of Puritan ancestry, of whom two were Revolutionary soldiers. When 13 years of age he came to Keating township with his parents, and for 72 years, with the exception of a short time spent in the West during his early manhood he resided in that township. In 1839 Mr. Curtis was united in marriage to Mary A., daughter of Judge Joseph Otto, the first Associate Judge of McKean county. This union was blessed with two children, one of whom, W. H. Curtis, of Keating township, and the aged widow, survive. The funeral was held on Tuesday afternoon, Rev J. W. Sanborn, officiating. The interment took place in Rose Hill cemetery.

Thus has passed to his final reward another one of McKean county’s pioneers.


Obituary of Ellen Otto (Eleanor Gray Otto)

McKean County Miner, Smethport, Pa., Thursday, January 11, 1912


Ellen Otto Died in Ceres, N. Y., on December 24, 1911.

Entered into rest, Dec. 24, 1911, in her home in Ceres, N. Y., Eleanor Gray, youngest daughter of the Hon. Joseph Otto and Mary Brown Otto, his wife. Eleanor Otto was born in 1826, in Keating township. She was the youngest of a family of 10 sons and daughters born to Judge Otto and wife. Most of her life was spent in the family home in Keating township. Her father was an early settler in McKean county, but in spite of the many privations, which must of necessity have been the portion of the pioneer, this family maintained a marked dignity and their home was one of refinement and unusual culture. Many of the family founded homes of their own, and one by one left the homestead until but two remained, an older sister, Caroline, and the subject of this sketch, and she finally found herself alone in the home of her childhood. Here she lived until four years ago, when she removed to Ceres, where she passed away.

Eleanor Otto was gifted with an artistic temperament and a bright and cultivated mind, and though very retiring and reticent in her nature, little in the world of science, literature or politics escaped her scrutiny. She lived quietly within herself, and few were admitted to the innermost sanctuary of her heart. She was a faithful attendant at religious services and after her removal to Ceres attended in spite of her advanced age, the services of the M. E. church and at bible class. She died quietly as she had lived sinking gently and painlessly away on the Sunday afternoon before Christmas.

After her long life of light and shadow she might well had said with John, that ancient servant of God, “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day.”


Posted in Otto | Comments Off on History Book References to our Otto Family, and some obituaries